Hyperemia of the skin – the causes of redness. What is skin hyperemia and how to treat, photo

Redness of the skin is found in many people and is considered common. This is not a separate disease and more often acts as a symptom of another ailment. Skin hyperemia indicates problems with the human autonomic system. This phenomenon is not contagious, but it creates a person a certain discomfort in life, inconvenience. Such symptoms should not be ignored, because they may indicate a serious pathology that needs to be treated. More often hyperemia occurs in women after 40 years, but occurs in newborns, men.

What is hyperemia of the skin

Facial congestion

Hyperemia of the skin causes an increase or overflow of blood flow to the area of ​​the human body, due to which manifest redness. The name consists of two Greek words: “blood” and “over.” Literally, the disease translates as “plethora”. Given the affected area, two types of hyperemia are distinguished: focal and common. They differ in the following ways:

  1. Focal hyperemia manifests itself in the form of separate spots on different parts of the body due to stomatitis, peptic ulcer, gastritis, disease of the duodenum or stomach. This type of hyperemia can occur with inflammation of the pancreas or after surgery on it..
  2. Common hyperemia manifests itself in different parts of the body (including the mucous membranes) in turn or simultaneously, covers a larger area than the focal.

Symptoms and signs of hyperemia

Sometimes hyperemia can be confused with other skin diseases that have similar manifestations, for example, with hyperthermia. To diagnose an ailment, you need to pay attention to such manifestations:

  1. Redness on the skin is accompanied by an increase in temperature. For example, a person describes that “skin is burning” on his face.
  2. Bright, deep redness.
  3. Blushing foci look unnatural and painful.
  4. Inflammation does not go away for a long time, is permanent.
  5. Peeling of the skin, especially in the soles, hands.

Symptoms of hyperemia

It is noted that in some cases hyperemia can be loose, occur in the form of spots. Hidden symptoms include acceleration of blood flow through arteries and veins, vasodilation (varicose veins). Often, reddening of the cheeks is observed in newborns, one-year-old babies, which is often the result of improper feeding or a reaction to milk. Do not worry, this is not a manifestation of hyperemia.


This type of hyperemia occurs against the background of an active blood flow through the arteries due to problems with the outflow of venous blood. Against the background of its accumulation, reddening of the skin or internal organ, an increase in tissue turgor, an increase in temperature, acceleration of lymph formation and lymph flow occur. This occurs due to a sharp decrease or increase in the tone of vasoconstrictor and vasodilator nerves..


Hyperemia of this type is the result of a violation of the outflow of blood through the vascular system due to compression of the venous wall or weakening of the heart muscle. A sign of the disease will be slowed blood flow, which, with complications, can completely stop. Against the background of venous hyperemia, oxygen starvation of tissues begins, and this leads to tissue edema, increased vascular permeability.

Causes of Redness

  1. Reactive hyperemia. It appears when the blood supply to the tissues is interrupted for a period of several seconds to a couple of hours, after which the inflow is restored and increases 4-7 times relative to the norm. This increase persists for the time that he was absent.
  2. Active hyperemia. When the tissue transitions to an active state (muscle contraction, intense mental activity), blood flow to the tissues increases. This is due to the acceleration of metabolism due to the need to obtain more nutrients. This happens due to an increase in blood flow during vasodilation..
  3. Temporary redness of the skin occurs with a jump in body temperature, a surge in emotional state, an increase in the intensity of physical activity, and a mechanical effect on the skin (reflex hyperemia). It usually manifests itself in certain places, locally.
  4. The disease may develop amid other ailments..


The most unpleasant manifestation of the disease is redness of the skin. This can be caused by several reasons, for example, an emotional outburst (blushed with shame) or active physical activity (running, jumping and other cardio loads). Facial hyperemia in men is much less common than in women and, as a rule, indicates the presence of other diseases. Possible reasons for the manifestation of redness of the skin on the face:

  1. The manifestation of the disease in the nose, on the eyelids and around the eyes, cheeks indicates the possible presence of systemic lupus erythematosus.
  2. With scarlet fever, diffuse redness of the skin around the mouth is possible.
  3. In various cases, the disease becomes a symptom of such diseases:
  • intestinal;
  • rhinitis;
  • anaphylaxis;
  • diffuse toxic goiter;
  • chronic sinusitis.

Hyperemia is localized not only on the face, but also in the neck, arms, legs, chest. The reason for the occurrence is the same – the accumulation of blood in the arteries and poor outflow in the veins. In men, these symptoms can be a manifestation of a serious rosacea disease. The disease is characterized by persistent damage to the subcutaneous vessels. Redness is localized with a disease in the nose, cheeks, chin or forehead.

Treatment of hyperemic skin

Facial massage for the treatment of hyperemic skin

Treatment of the disease is prescribed by a dermatologist after examination, studies may be prescribed if necessary. After that, it will be possible to assign the optimal course, which consists of simple rules, which include:

  • the exclusion of any skin care products with a drying effect;
  • use of protective ointment, cream;
  • using a soft sponge when treating affected areas with warm water;
  • taking medications to normalize blood circulation.

If a disease occurs, there are a number of contraindications that suit everyone. Most of them relate to personal hygiene. When skin hyperemia should be avoided:

  • hypothermia;
  • sun baths;
  • strong wind;
  • masks with paraffin;
  • facial massage;
  • steam baths.

To avoid the occurrence of an ailment, the work of the intestines and stomach should be normalized by excluding spices, spicy foods, caffeine or taurine, and alcohol from the diet. It is recommended to wash only with warm (not hot or cold) water, after which with moistening movements remove moisture from the face. After that, apply a protective cream with light stroking movements..