Mexico is a federal republic in southern North America. Everyone, thinking of Mexico, imagines a mustachioed Mexican in a poncho and sombrero on his head, playing fervently on a guitar. Here, a tourist can dive into the world of ancient civilizations, enjoy the beauty of colonial architecture and the monumentality of modern buildings. In this article we will talk about Mexico, whose culture has a unique sunny color..
The climate of Mexico is very diverse: subtropics prevail in the north, and the rest of the territory has a tropical climate. The average temperatures in the southern regions range from +24 to +28 degrees, while in the northern regions the average temperature does not exceed +24 degrees. Mexico’s climate is highly dependent on the terrain. For example, in Mexico City, located at an altitude of 2300 m, the average daily temperature is +15 degrees, but at lower altitudes it will be about +18 degrees. The Pacific coast is characterized by the most humid and hot climate, in summer the temperature there is not lower than +30 in the daytime, and less than 20 degrees of heat at night. Along the coast of the Caribbean Sea, the temperature in winter is no more than +23 degrees. The atmosphere of the central regions of Mexico heats up in April and May to a maximum mark of +26 degrees during the day, while it drops sharply at night to +10 degrees.
There are two main climatic seasons – dry and wet. The rainy season falls on the summer months and September. Precipitation is especially plentiful along the Gulf of Mexico, from the coast of which to the Baja California peninsula lies the northern tropic – the so-called border of climatic zones, with a temperate climate prevailing to the north and tropical to the south. If you are planning a trip to Mexico, remember that the end of summer and the beginning of autumn is a period of severe tropical hurricanes, and the best time to travel is winter.
Traditions and customs
Mexico has a rich cultural and historical heritage. Before settling in the territory of the Spaniards on this land for thousands of years lived the most developed Indian tribes – Mayans and Aztecs. Great influence on the culture had a proximity to America. Therefore, Mexican culture is a mixture of cultures of various nations. Especially noticeable is the dual nature of the origin of the Mexicans in their robes, which differs sharply depending on the traditional affiliation of the area. Men traditionally dress up in white shirts and trousers made of cotton, sandals and a sombrero – a Mexican headdress made from chayot stems. If it’s cool outside, then a special cloak with a cutout for the head is put on top – sarape.
Mexicans are very religious, love music and all kinds of holidays. The holiday always begins with a church service, then a feast takes place and in conclusion – music, dances and colorful performances.
Mexicans have such an unusual holiday that no one else has. It is called “Day of the Dead,” and it expresses the whole philosophy of the Mexicans about the unity of life and death. The holiday begins with the arrival at the cemetery and the commemoration of the deceased relatives and friends, after which everyone begins to have fun, and the children are allowed to overeat with sweets made in the form of coffins, skulls and skeletons.
Mexicans love a lot and enjoy eating, so most of the population is overweight. Mexican cuisine is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and its oldest recipes are carefully guarded. Most Mexicans cook corn, beans and rice. The kitchen is considered one of the spicy, although in fact the severity of the dishes gives the presence of sauces and dressings.
Be sure to try, visiting Mexico, all kinds of charcoal-baked tortillas made from cornmeal tortilla, tacos, burritos, fajitas, served beautifully with crispy potatoes or fragrant rice.
Do not forget that hot chocolate and cocoa are of Mexican origin, and these drinks are served here with a wide variety of spices, even chili.
Most often, Mexicans eat chicken and meat. For meat dishes, be sure to order fried, finely chopped beef with a side dish of Carne Asados beans, and a hearty meat stew and avocado Soup.
Eating seafood is common only on the coast. Mexicans cook fish dishes of cod and spiny lobster very well from fish dishes, as well as all kinds of seafood soups.
For dessert, try sweet bread stuffed with dried fruit, corn soufflé, mango under a cream coat and various fruit puddings.
And of course, try the Mexican celebrity – tequila, which locals prefer to drink very slowly, savoring every sip. Contrary to popular belief, it is not made from a cactus, but from blue agave juice. If you want to try real tequila, look for the inscription on the bottle label: “100% blue agava” or “100% agava”. In addition to tequila, two more strong drinks popular in Mexico are made from agave juice – these are pulque and mezcal.
Mexico has long been famous for its craftsmen. Pottery masters, weavers and stone carvers create truly unique works of art. At local bazaars you can buy yourself such beauty as a souvenir. Most importantly, do not forget to carefully pack your purchase to avoid breakdowns during the flight.
You can purchase unusual jewelry made of silver as a souvenir or unique figurines and masks of Huichol Indians made of beads. The basis of the products is clay, and beads are already pressed in or glued into it.
Bundles of Mexican chili peppers or local spice-based sauces are very popular as souvenirs. And of course, the poncho brought from there will be the warmest memory of Mexico.
During relaxation, you should visit the pearl of Mexico – the resort city of Cancun. There are truly paradise places with white sandy beaches and calm turquoise sea, the entertainment infrastructure is very developed, and every vacationer will find something to his liking.
Do not forget to see the pyramids of Chichen Itza. The holy Mayan city, founded in the 9th century, is located near Cancun, which is very convenient for tourists. There is something to see here: the Kukulkan pyramid, consisting of 9 platforms, ancient temples, ruins, altars of sacrifice and the astronomical observatory.
Enjoy the underwater kingdom of Cozumel. This is the country’s most popular resort for tourists. The underwater world of the island with beautiful coral reefs is unusually diverse. In summer, you can admire the large sea turtles sailing here to lay eggs. Ferry to the island goes directly from Cancun..
View the underwater sculpture museum. The statues are located in the area of Cancun and Isla Mujeres, their goal is to create additional space for the life of corals and marine life. You can see the museum exhibition only by going down under the water.
Nature lovers need to visit the Shel Ha National Park. It is located near Playa del Carmen. Impenetrable mangroves, hot lakes and noisy waterfalls, grottoes and bays will amaze you with their splendor.
Visit perhaps the most popular place among tourists – the ancient Mayan city of Teotihuacan, which houses the most famous pyramids of the Sun and Moon. The name of the city is translated as “the birthplace of the gods.” Here you can look at the formerly the largest pyramid in the world – the Cholula pyramid. Now it is somewhat destroyed, and on top of the ruins the church settled.
Each country has its own specific features, for example, such as the mode of work in Italy or the mandatory observance of certain etiquette when meeting in India. If you are going to Mexico, you should consider such trifles:
- Since seismic activity in Mexico is quite high, it is strictly forbidden to enter the areas surrounding large volcanoes.
- In Mexico, the crime rate is one of the highest in the world, so plan a visit to the cities for a day, and order a taxi only by phone.
- Shops in Mexico open no earlier than 9 a.m. and finish work at around 7 p.m. On Sunday, most of them do not work, so plan to make purchases in the middle of the week.
- In Mexico, a mandatory gratitude to the attendants in the amount of a couple of dollars to drivers and porters was accepted. The restaurant should leave a tip in the amount of 10% of the amount of the check.
- The voltage of electric networks in Mexico is less than ours – only 110 V, so it will take a little longer to dry with a hairdryer. You can usually buy an adapter directly at the hotel.
- If you plan to visit mountainous areas or rainforests, in addition to compulsory health insurance, a number of vaccinations should be given, including the prevention of malaria against hepatitis A and B, typhoid fever and yellow fever.
To evaluate all the rich diversity of this country during a tourist trip, of course, is impossible, as well as describe it in one article. However, in the country of tequila and hot chili, you definitely will not be bored.