Health

How chickenpox is transmitted in children and adults. Is it possible to get chickenpox through third parties

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A forgotten childhood memory of people who have already been ill, or an adult tangible fear of those who are afraid to get infected – this is about chickenpox. The herpes virus of the third type is transmitted by airborne droplets, but this name was received in common people due to the transmission method – “downwind”. Find out how chickenpox is transmitted to be prepared for all situations. In adults, this disease is not as easily tolerated as in children. If you are not ill, then there is a risk of getting infected anywhere: in the market, street, school.

Methods for transmitting chickenpox virus

A person who has not had chickenpox is susceptible to this virus. If you are interested in the question of how chickenpox is transmitted in adults, you only need to meet with a direct carrier of the pathogen. The probability of infection in a healthy person is close to 100%. There are people who have never had chickenpox, but their number does not exceed 4%. In recent years, there are often cases when a person is ill with smallpox repeatedly in an adult, conscious age. The second time, chickenpox is not so pronounced, and the risk of complications is low. How chickenpox is transmitted in different ways of transmitting the virus?

  1. A sick person during conversation, coughing, sneezing emits a sufficient amount of saliva, where there are millions of bacteria of this infection. It’s dangerous to be 1 meter away if you haven’t been sick yet.
  2. If your partner has chickenpox, and you didn’t have it in childhood, then refrain from kisses so as not to get infected.
  3. Close bodily contact with infected patients should be avoided. On the body during the period of the disease, rashes appear in the form of vesicles (similar to water blisters). They are very itchy, and when they burst, the virus easily masters the body of a healthy person who has not had chickenpox.
  4. The option of transmitting the disease through things is real if the substance from the vesicles is left on the clothes. If a healthy person puts it over his head, touching his lips, nose, there is a high probability of infection.

This disease has one dangerous point – a person who has just started to get chickenpox does not first realize this or does not pay attention to the first rashes, but is already a full-fledged carrier of the virus. He does not stay at home, but continues to communicate with society, where there may be groups of people at risk – pregnant, elderly. If you catch chickenpox after the age of 20, doctors advise you to be under medical supervision.

Chickenpox incubation period

The incubation period of the disease is from 7 to 21 days. It is conditionally divided into 3 periods: the beginning – when the virus enters and adapts to the body; development – a focus of infection is created, where bacteria multiply and accumulate; completion – spread throughout the body, the appearance of a rash. All phases do not have an exact period and depend on how strong your immunity is. If the body is struggling, then the infection is in the nasopharynx for a long time, and after a long time it gets into the lymph and blood. The same virus causes the disease “herpes zoster”.

This disease is called insidious, because due to such a long incubation period it is difficult to calculate who really was the causative agent of chickenpox. The first rashes appear on the head and face, but exceptions occur. Vesicles are difficult to confuse with other diseases; they look like watery pimples. In a matter of hours, the body is completely covered by them.

How many days is chickenpox contagious

You can hardly determine the first day that chickenpox is contagious. 1-2 days before the rash begins, an infected person is already a carrier of this infection. He will infect other people all the time, while vesicles will mature on his body. A carrier is considered safe only after the last crust has fallen off. The contagious (infectious) period lasts approximately 10-14 days, during which the infection of others occurs.

Answers to frequently asked questions

No matter how desirable this disease was, and many believe that it is better for them to get sick in childhood. Then there is no fever, lack of appetite, headache and enlarged lymph nodes, because children tolerate chickenpox differently. The older a person becomes, the more dangerous the disease manifests. She can overtake during pregnancy, passing a session, completing an important project at work. Therefore, many people who were not sick in childhood are interested in the questions of whether chickenpox is transmitted through things, to a healthy person, how long the fever lasts..

Depending on your immunity, the disease is different. Some have barely noticeable rashes, they feel normal, while others have fever for 5 days, a noticeable increase in lymph nodes, itching on the mucous membranes, and, as a result, a hospital regimen. The main thing to know about is not to be afraid of chickenpox! If you are offered to go to the hospital, be safe and do it! At home, it will be harder to escape from complications with one green.

Is chickenpox transmitted through third parties

The only answer is no. Reliable cases are not known in the world when it would be possible to catch chickenpox through a healthy person. In order for the infection to enter your body, you must be in an environment with the main carrier, which at the moment is undergoing an active stage of virus reproduction in the body. Herpes on the street dies faster, so even if a friend comes to you with the patient’s clothes, chickenpox is unlikely to catch you.

What day is chickenpox not contagious

To answer this question, you need to know how many days the chickenpox is contagious after a rash. On average, the number of days is 10-12 from the moment the first infection enters the body. When the first vesicle appears, the time comes when chickenpox is contagious, and only 5 days after the formation of the last crust of a person is considered safe for contact with others. The stronger the immunity, the faster the patient recovers.

When the first signs of the disease appear

The insidiousness of this disease lies in the fact that even an experienced doctor does not immediately recognize the first signs of the disease. Depending on the age, immunity and characteristics of the body, a person immediately overtakes rashes or sensations similar to SARS. Temperature, weakness, and poor appetite indicate a virus, but it is impossible to immediately recognize the virus in it. More often, such symptoms overtake adults. The vesicles are considered an exact sign, but before the first pimple appeared, a person could already infect people for several days.

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