Mausoleum Taj Mahal - architectural pearlIndia. A snow-white building against the sky - the colors of azure. A mausoleum was built south of the city of Agra. This structure is known and recognizable all over the world. The Emperor Shah Jahan built it in memory of his deceased wife Mumtaz-Mahal. The mausoleum is the most beautiful building in the world, a symbol of eternal love.
Moved by unquenchable grief, the emperor of the great MogulsIn 1632 he began the construction of this architectural miracle. His love for the third wife, who died from the birth of their 14th child, was so great that the construction of her indescribably beautiful tomb in total lasted 20 years, and the garden and the surrounding structures were completed in 5 years.
The main building of the Taj-Mahal complex -Tomb - is a huge structure of white marble on a high pedestal. This beautiful, ideally symmetrical building is headed by a large dome of 35 m high. The dome is its most amazing part, it has the shape of a bulb. Crowns the dome of the Islamic half-moon with horns up.
The height of the tomb is 74 m, in the cornersThere are 4 minarets, which are slightly inclined to the sides so that in the event of a fall during an earthquake, the main building is not damaged. The height of each minaret is 40 m, they also impress with their ideal symmetry. Elements of decoration are of Persian origin, decorative figures are gilded.
The inner hall is in the form of a correctOctagon, so you can get there from either side of the building, but only one door opens to the garden. The interior is far from the traditional, very many jewels of precious stones. High arches divide the inner space into 8 equal parts. Bas-reliefs and inlays adorn the structure.
Inside, behind an openwork fence of marble installedTwo tombs - the emperor Shah Jahan "master of the world" and his beloved wife "palace-dweller" Mumtaz-Mahal. This room is a simple crypt, since, according to Muslim traditions, the artistic decoration of graves is forbidden. The faces of the Shah and his wife are turned towards Mecca. The paraphernalia and tombs are decorated with inlays in the form of flowers with precious stones.
The gravestone is covered with calligraphic characters,Glorifying Mumtaz. On the cover of her coffin there is a rhombus, presumably in order to write on it. The cenotaph of the Shah is nearby, its size is larger, but the decorations are the same as those on the coffin and pedestal of the wife. This is the only asymmetric part of the entire structure, since it was made much later.
Around the Taj-Mahal complex is a magnificentGarden stretching to 300 m. The mausoleum itself stands at the end of the garden. Elevated paths divide the garden into four parts and each into 16 flower beds. In the center of the park, between the gate and the tomb, is a marble-lined water channel. Exactly in the middle of the channel there is a pond reflecting the tomb.
Toothed red walls, made of sandstone,Surround the whole complex, only its part is open along the river. Inside the walls around the main building are a few more smaller mausoleums, there are buried the rest of the emperor's wives and his beloved servant. Not far from them is the Musical House, now it is a museum. The monumental main marble gates are decorated with the same decorative elements as the two tombs.
Two beautiful buildings of red sandstone,Located at the very far end of the complex, are absolutely identical. The building on the left is a mosque, and on the right, perhaps a boarding house, it is built for symmetry.
World vote Taj Mahal included in 2007Year in the list of "Seven new wonders of the world." On Fridays the complex is closed, prayers are read in the mosque, and on the other weekdays it is open for visits. The mausoleum is the main attraction of India, the most beautiful construction on earth. Every year it is visited by up to 4 million tourists from different countries.