Tunisia is the center of the Mediterranean andIs located in the northern part of the African continent. At any time of the year he generously shares with visitors the riches of his nature and history. If the treasured voucher here and air tickets are already in your pocket, it would be nice to determine for yourself a cultural program. What is worth visiting in Tunisia? Let's look at several places that are included in the "mandatory" list of tourists.
Where to go in Tunisia
The country's capital and its main port isThe same name of Tunis. Its center was rebuilt during the French colonization of the country, has a striking resemblance to Paris. True, it is limited only by the business part of the European capital. There are no skyscrapers in Tunisia, houses on the 14 floors are the highest. Near the Parisian quarter, beyond the gate Bab-el-Bahar, begins Medina - the ancient center of Tunisia. Here you can see Jami al-Zeitoun (Oliva) - a mosque built in 703, the Khamuda-pasha mosque, the mausoleums of Sidi Mahras and the Hasanids of Turbet el-Bay. Palaces Dar Hussein, Darben-Abdallah and Dar El Bay, located in ancient Medina, are luxurious and elegantly decorated. In the crowded curves and narrow streets of the old city there is a bright and lively oriental bazaar. But the most exotic market of Medina is Suk-el-Attarin, founded here in the distant thirteenth century. It still sells incense.
Another place of mass pilgrimage of tourists -The legendary Carthage. Before our era, it was a city-state. During the cruel Punic Wars, Carthage was completely destroyed by the Roman Empire. Years of its rule were marked here by the construction of temples, the Capitol, an amphitheater, a water pipe, a commercial port, several public bath-houses and other structures. Now all this is very impressive and majestic Carthaginian ruins. For their full inspection of the standard time, any excursion will never be enough, and a day, probably, too.
Bardo is the largest national museum inTunisia. Here is the richest collection of mosaics of the times of Ancient Rome. The largest fragment of the exhibit has an area of 56 m2! The floor and walls of the halls of the former Sultan's palace Bardo are decorated with mosaics. Now here is an exposition telling its guests about Christian, Punic and Arab historical stages of Tunisian life. All the exhibits were obtained as a result of archaeological excavations and underwater exploration. Bardo can rightly be considered a museum of Tunisian ethnography. Here tourists can find out everything about the life of Tunisian beys and even get a chance to visit the harem!
Tunisian Queiroan has long been the capitalIslamic rulers. This is emphasized by local unique mosques, which must be inspected. Keirawan mosque is the main masterpiece of Arab architecture, the height of its minaret is 31.5 m, and the capitals of its numerous columns are made from different remains of architectural fragments from the times of Ancient Rome. Still Keiruan became famous for his ancient tradition - carpet weaving. Patterns of Keiruana carpets are not drawn, but are passed on to each next generation by inheritance. Nowadays you can buy a carpet with a hundred-year guarantee from local craftsmen!
El Jem - this small Arab townRemarkable for its well-preserved Roman amphitheater. The Coliseum of El Jem was the third largest after the Colosseum of Capua and Rome. Its capacity was 35 thousand spectators. For many centuries the building was virtually untouched. And only in the 17th century AD. The Colosseum was destroyed by Arab conquerors. They removed the stone of the Roman amphitheater for the construction of the Cathedral Mosque in Keiruan. Fortunately, they did not succeed in completely destroying the monumental structure. But even what he got from our contemporaries inspires respect for the skill of architects and builders of Ancient Rome. Now all kinds of music festivals are held in El Jem - the acoustics are magnificent. If you take into account the atmosphere corresponding to it, classical music among the ruins of El Djem sounds amazing!
All this and many other interesting things can be seen in this North African country.
Have a good trip!