Holidays in Turkey
Many people are attracted to this cherished "allInclusive ", affordable prices and luxury hotels, inveterate travelers are attracted by picturesque and such diverse landscapes, as well as majestic monuments of history and culture. Both are worthwhile to have a general idea of the country and the features of recreation.
Not many countries can boast of suchA unique geographical location: Turkey is on two continents and is washed by four seas - the Mediterranean, Aegean, Black and Marble. In addition, since ancient times important trade routes have passed through it, which to this day connect Europe and Asia, the Black Sea and Mediterranean countries. Turkey neighbors with such countries (from the north to the west in a clockwise direction): Bulgaria, Georgia, Russia (sea border), Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Russia (sea border), Iraq, Syria, Cyprus (sea border), Greece. The country covers a rather large territory, occupying the 36th place in the world in terms of area.
The terrain predominantly covers the mountains andPlateau, and the altitude above sea level averages 1,000 meters. The highest points of the country are the extinct volcanoes of Bolshaya Ararat (5165 meters) and Syuphan (4,434 meters).
The official language is Turkish, however in tourist areas more and more people speak English.
The monetary unit is the Turkish lira (TRY), as of June 2015, 1 USD equals 2.74 TRY.
The country is in one time zone UTC +2, in summer UTC +3.
Climate of Turkey
Climatic and weather conditions vary considerably in different regions of the country due to the diversity of the terrain.
Due to the fact that most of the territoryIs mountainous, the climate in most territories is of a continental nature. Summer is hot here, there are sharp changes in daytime and night temperatures, rains are extremely rare. Winter is cold and snowy, in the highlands are often 20-30 degrees below zero.
On the Black Sea coast the climate is more inclined toModerately-marine with high humidity. The average summer temperature is +25 degrees, winter is mild with a temperature of about +5 degrees. Precipitation occurs throughout the year, but most of all during the cold season.
The coast of the Mediterranean and Aegean seas hasThe subtropical Mediterranean climate. Summer is hot and dry, the air temperature rises to 28-35 degrees. In the winter months, it is set to cool rainy weather, at night the temperature can drop below 0, snow is possible, but it does not stay long.
In the south-eastern part of the territories there are features of desert tropics with arid, hot weather and low humidity.
On mountain tops throughout the snow, as a rule, does not come off all the year round.
Visa to Turkey
Visa-free entry regime made Turkey even moreAttractive for tourists. In case of staying in the country for no more than 60 days, the visa is not required, while the total period of stay in Turkish territory for six months should not exceed 90 days. To cross the border you only need a valid passport.
The customs rules for crossing the border are very loyal and fairly standard.
As in all countries, it is forbiddenImport / export drugs in any form (including drugs containing narcotic substances, except for those that have officially authorized doctor's permission), weapons, piercing-cutting objects.
Pets can be carried with veterinary certificates of international standard and certificates of vaccinations.
Without payment of duties and fees it is allowed to transport a certain amount of alcohol, tobacco products, food products and other goods and things that are not banned.
Import of any currency into the country is not limited, withExport from the country of an undeclared amount of more than $ 5,000 (or equivalent) requires a special permit. Also, it is necessary to make jewelry worth more than $ 15,000 in the declaration.
Thanks to the fact that this is one of the most popularDestinations for recreation with tourists, different airlines carry out quite a large number of flights from different cities. The largest international airports are in Istanbul, Antalya, Ankara, Bodrum, Izmir, Dalaman, Gaziantep, so you can easily choose the one that is closest to the place of your choice. The largest number of regular flights are carried by airlines "Aeroflot", "Turkish airlines", "Transaero Airlines", "Pegasus Airlines", "UTair".
Famous resorts in Turkey
In all, Turkey is associated exclusively withBeach rest, but in addition to comfortable hotels of different price categories, this country has something to offer and surprise. The country was formed on the site of the collapse of the great Ottoman Empire, which left a unique historical heritage, to which you can touch. Due to a diverse climate, weather conditions and terrain, the resorts differ significantly among themselves.
In order to choose a place of rest to your liking,You should decide what you want from the trip: enjoy the sun, the sea and sand; Look at history-breathing sights; Admire the mountain species; Enjoy the delights of nightlife or go skiing.
Mediterranean Beach Holidays
Antalya - perhaps the most famous resort of the countryWith actively developing infrastructure. Numerous hotels, various entertainments, natural beauties, some of the cleanest and most picturesque beaches in the country, historical places are not all that this city can offer you.
Kemer is located among the covered with coniferousThickets of mountain ranges and cozy bays with beaches of sand and pebbles. Enjoying nature, you can explore the ancient monuments of history and go on a trip on a yacht or go diving.
Belek is ideal for lovers of luxury life. This is one of the most expensive vacation spots on the coast with high-class hotel complexes and entertainment for every taste. Here is one of the best yacht centers in the country. However, nature pleases with an abundance of greenery and eucalyptus groves.
Alanya attracts tourists with its ancient fortresses and towers, which are adjacent to beaches and orange groves. Rest here in comparison with other regions of the country is more economical.
Side - a small port town, breathing ancient history and legends of Cleopatra.
Beaches of the Aegean Sea
Marmaris is one of the most environmentally friendly and EuropeanResorts. The city is surrounded by two seas, known for its secluded picturesque bays. Around there are magnificent mountains and pine forests bordering with golden sandy beaches and crystal clear water.
Bodrum is famous for its vibrant nightlife with numerous clubs and bars in the open air. The sandy coast, azure water and snow-white houses create a unique atmosphere of the city.
Fethiye is distinguished by lush vegetation and clean air. It is famous for its cozy sandy and pebble beaches.
Kusadasi is a small Turkish town, drowning in greenery. Known for its extensive excursion program and quiet coastal recreation.
Black Sea holidays
This coast has a less developed touristInfrastructure and attracts more mild climate more local residents than visitors. Despite this, there is a decent choice of hotels, warm sea and golden sand, pleasing landscapes and numerous historical monuments. And the choice of resorts is not so small: Sinop, Samsun, Trabzon, Amsara, Rize, Giresun and others.
Of course, we can not fail to mention Istanbul,Majestic old city. It is the former capital of three powerful empires, which has preserved in its walls and architecture the spirit of each of them. Magnificent historical buildings and inimitable oriental flavor - all this is the only city in the world, located in Europe and Asia.
Local ski resorts, though not rivalsWith the well-known European routes, however, you will definitely enjoy the rest. In addition to the different levels of complexity of the trails, for skiing you can enjoy the surrounding coniferous landscapes. Resorts are ideal for beginners and children, while athletes and fans of extreme sports will not be bored either. If you decide to do active winter sports, then it is better to choose Uludag, Palandoken, Sarykamysh or Kartalkaya. The season lasts from December to March, in some places - until mid-April.
Nature generously endowed this country with picturesqueBeauty, which she gladly shares with visitors. The richest cultural and historical heritage, luxurious hotels, entertainment for every taste, breathtaking scenery, golden sandy coast and crystal clear waters, as well as a variety of shopping will give you an unforgettable holiday experience.