Trip to India - the best places
India is a country in South Asia, which occupies the 7thThe place on the planet by the size of the territory and the 2nd place by the densely populated area. Borders with Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east, Pakistan - in the west. China, Bhutan and Nepal surround India in the northeast. In the south - Sri Lanka. In the south-west - the Maldives. In the south-east - Indonesia. The States of Jammu and Kashmir, whose ownership rights are disputed by China and Pakistan, border Afghanistan. India is by right considered the oldest civilization in the world.
India is a country that unitesDifferent climatic zones. So, in the south of the country the climate is close to the equatorial one. The north is characterized by a mountainous subtropical climate. The change of local seasons is determined by the monsoon winds. April-June in India is an arid and hot period. The temperature at this time can reach 46 degrees with a plus. From June to October here comes the rainy season and the air temperature drops a bit - to + 36-38 on average.
The tourist season here starts, as a rule,In the period October-March. This is an ideal time for holidaymakers when there is no rain, and the temperature in the southern part of the country is 25-30 degrees with plus in the afternoon and 20-25 with heat at night. At this time, it is best to rest on the coast. But since April, tourists are waiting for the Himalayan states and cool mountains.
Visa to India
Since 2014, the Government of India has introduced electronicVisas for citizens of 43 states. Now tourists who travel to this country must fill out a special form on the site a few days before departure (no less than 4). There is also attached a photograph and a copy of the first page of the passport. After that, you must pay a visa fee of $ 60. Within 3 days an electronic visa will be issued. It will be checked at the airport of India upon arrival. Such a visa can be received no more than twice a year. The validity of this visa extends to travel for a period not exceeding 30 days.
The main resorts of India
India is multifaceted and can offer rest forTourists for every taste. For fans of beach "lazy" rest, certainly, the ideal place of vacation will be the state of Goa, especially the southern part of it. Also, a lot of vacationers come to Kerala, which is located in the very south of India. For those who want to climb even further, tour operators will offer the picturesque Andaman and Nicobar islands remote from the mainland.
Young people prefer noisy celebritiesRave discotheques in the open air, they are concentrated in the northern part of Goa. Here, the price of rest is more democratic than the south along the coast of the Arabian Sea.
If you want a cultural rest and a richExcursion program, the best place in India than the so-called "golden triangle" is not found. It includes a trio of major cultural centers of the country - Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. In these cities, as well as in other large megalopolises of the country, incongruous - blatant poverty and luxury of a cultural heritage is combined.
For the so-called "seekers of sacred truths"There will certainly be a taste for the more remote cities of India, where you can find a lot of ancient caves, monuments of architecture, as well as special yoga tours to Gokarna, Rishikesh.
Agra attracts tourists from all over the world with the famous Taj Mahal, a mausoleum made of white marble, and also with its majestic red Fort.
Jaipur or the "pink city" is famous for its symbol of the Palace of the Winds - a luxurious building made of pink marble. There are also a lot of ancient forts.
In Delhi there is a monument to the history of Red Fort, the huge mosque of Jama Masjid, the complex of buildings of Qutab Minar and many temples.
Of course, Mumbai (formerly Bombay) deserves attention. Here is built the most majestic in Asia railway station Chhatrapati Shivaji. And also attract the attention of the sea gate to India.
The most sacred and one of the oldest cities is notOnly India, but also the world - Varanasi. It is located on the shores of the legendary Ganges and is famous for its waterfront, on which regularly there are ritual ablutions and cremation of corpses.
Ayurveda in India
Such a unique country like India can not failTo offer tourists exotic leisure options. One such leisure is Ayurveda. It's not so much leisure as there is a separate system, culture and complex treatment of all kinds of diseases. This is one of the few methods of treatment and prevention, which is recognized even by WHO as an effective alternative medicine. Among domestic tourists in recent years it has become very fashionable to go to Ayurvedic tours. The centers of Ayurveda are scattered almost throughout India and are separate complexes, where every day a tourist undergoes a whole complex of restorative and medical procedures.
Cuisine in India
It is difficult to talk about national Indian cuisine,Because it is very diverse depending on the region. The main and strictest ban on the menu is beef meat. The cow is a sacred animal, and its meat is forbidden to everyone, regardless of religion.
Almost everywhere in India, "zhaluyut" spicy food, thoroughly seasoned with spices. So sharp that an unprepared tourist with a weak stomach can become unwell.
In India, like rice, and it is almostThe basis of the diet. In the south of the country, the lion's share of the population professes vegetarianism. Therefore, it may not be easy to find a cafe or a restaurant, where they will serve meat dishes.
Near the coast, in the western part of the country, the menu is rich in seafood dishes. They are prepared with an abundance of spices and vegetables, usually on fire.
End the meal Indians with a lactic sour-milk drink or tea masala (with milk and spices).
In India, few people manage to avoid shopping. In any case, he will overtake you. Obsessive sellers of anything in India, more than enough. And the prices are very attractive for tourists. The local markets give a special flavor to this country. Here, almost everyone speaks fluent English and is ready to bargain a lot and delightfully.
In the first place in the ranking of souvenirs is, of course, tea. A lot of different exotic varieties are growing here.
Also in the list of necessary souvenirs from IndiaThere are products from natural fabrics - cotton, cashmere, wool, silk. As an original presentation, you can bring national Indian clothes - saris.
Spices are another graph on the list of purchases from India. India is famous for turmeric, cloves, curry, saffron and other seasonings.
If the budget allows, then be sure to purchase in India a piece of jewelry for memory. Semiprecious and precious stones of Jaipur are known all over the world.
Indian etiquette and tourist safety
India is an eastern country, where, like everywhere elseIn the East, centuries-old rules and special etiquette are observed. Tourists are advised to respect the feelings of hospitable Hindus and adhere to certain rules.
Say hello in India by the word "namaste." In this case, you should fold your arms at the chest level and tilt your head slightly. Do not show feelings in public, even if you are husband and wife. Women are advised to cover their knees and shoulders. Entering the house, the store and the more so the temple, you need to take off your shoes. Also in India you can not drink alcohol on the streets.
India though is not a country, visitWhich requires mandatory vaccination, but here it is easy enough to get an intestinal disorder or infection. Therefore, always observe personal hygiene. Drinking water is strictly recommended only bottled or factory beverages.
Amazing and vibrant India is a country that will necessarily want to return again. At least because for one trip it is impossible to cover everything.