Travel around Mexico
Mexico is a federal republic in the south of the NorthAmerica. Everyone, thinking of Mexico, imagines a mustached Mexican in a poncho and a sombrero on his head playing fervently on the guitar. Here for the tourist is available immersion in the world of ancient civilizations, enjoying the beauties of colonial architecture and the monumentality of modern buildings. In this article we will talk about Mexico, whose culture has a unique sun color.
The climate of Mexico is very diverse: The north is dominated by the subtropics, and the rest of the territory is tropical. Average temperatures in the southern regions range from +24 to +28 degrees, while in the northern regions the average temperature does not exceed the mark of +24 degrees. The climate of Mexico depends heavily on the terrain. For example, at an altitude of 2300 m in Mexico City, the average daily temperature is +15 degrees, but at lower altitudes it will be around +18 degrees. The Pacific coast is characterized by the most humid and hot climate, in summer the temperature there does not occur during the day below +30, and at night - less than 20 degrees Celsius. Along the coast of the Caribbean Sea, the temperature in winter is not more than +23 degrees. The atmosphere of the central areas of Mexico is heated in April and May to a maximum of +26 degrees during the day, while sharply falling at night to +10 degrees.
There are two main climatic seasons -Dry and wet. The rainy season falls on the summer months and September. Particularly abundant are the deposits along the Gulf of Mexico, from the coast of which the Northern Tropic is passing to the Lower California Peninsula - the so-called boundary of climatic zones, to the north of which the temperate climate prevails, and to the south - the tropical one. If you are planning a trip to Mexico, remember that the end of summer and the beginning of autumn is a period of strong tropical hurricanes, and the most suitable time for a trip will be winter.
Traditions and customs
Mexico has a rich cultural and historicalheritage. Before settling on the territory of the Spaniards on this land for thousands of years lived the most developed Indian tribes - the Mayans and the Aztecs. A great influence on the culture was the proximity to America. Therefore, the Mexican culture is a mixture of cultures of different peoples. Especially noticeable is the ambivalent nature of the origin of the Mexicans in their attire, which sharply differs depending on the traditional belonging of the area. Men traditionally dress up in white shirts and cotton trousers, sandals and sombreros - a Mexican headdress made from chayote stems. If it's cool outside, then a special cape with a neckline for the head - Sarapes - is put on top.
Mexicans are very religious, they love music and all kinds of holidays. The holiday begins always with the church service, then there is a feast and in conclusion - music, dances and colorful performances.
There are such unusual holiday for Mexicans,Which no one else has. It is called the "Day of the Dead", and it expresses the whole philosophy of the Mexicans about the unity of life and death. The holiday begins with a visit to the cemetery and remembrance of the deceased relatives and friends, after which everyone begins to have fun, and children are allowed to overeat sweets cooked in the form of coffins, skulls and skeletons.
Mexicans love a lot and with pleasureEat, so most of the population suffers from excess weight. Mexican cuisine is on UNESCO's heritage list, and its ancient recipes are carefully guarded. Most Mexicans cook corn, beans and rice. The kitchen is considered to be one of the sharpest, although in fact the spicy dishes are given by the presence of sauces and dressings.
Be sure to try, visiting Mexico, all kinds of baked on charcoal tortillas from corn flour tartily, tacos, burrito, fajitas, nicely served with crispy potatoes or fragrant rice.
Do not forget that hot chocolate and cocoa are of Mexican origin, and serve these drinks here with a wide variety of spices, even with chili.
Most often, Mexicans eat chicken and meat. Of meat dishes, please order fried, finely chopped beef with a garnish of beans "Karne asados", and a hearty soup-ragout of meat and avocado "Ambassador".
Eating seafood is common only on the coast. From fish dishes, Mexicans cook very delicious dishes from cod and lobster, as well as various soups with seafood.
For dessert, taste sweet bread filled with dried fruits, corn soufflé, mango under a cream coat and various fruit puddings.
And of course try a Mexican celebrity -Tequila, which locals prefer to drink very slowly, savoring every sip. Contrary to popular belief, it is made not of cactus, but of blue agave juice. If you want to try this tequila, look for the inscription on the bottle label: "100% blue agava" or "100% agava". In addition to tequila, agave juice also produces two popular strong drinks in Mexico - pulque and mescal.
Mexico has long been famous for itsCraftsmen. Masters of pottery, weavers and stone carvers create truly unique works of art. At local bazaars you can buy yourself such a beauty as a souvenir. Most importantly, do not forget to carefully pack your purchase in order to avoid breakages during the flight.
You can buy as a souvenir unusualJewelry from silver or unique statuettes and masks of the Uicholli Indians made of beads. The basis of the products is clay, and the beads are already pressed or glued into it.
Very popular as souvenirs are bunches of Mexican chili peppers or local sauces based on spices. And of course, the warmest memory of Mexico will be the poncho brought from there.
During the holidays it is worth to visit the pearl of Mexico- resort town of Cancun. Here truly paradise places with snow-white sandy beaches and a calm turquoise sea, the infrastructure of entertainment is very developed, and every holiday-maker will find an occupation for himself.
Do not forget to see the pyramids of Chichen Itza. The sacred city of Maya, founded in the 9th century, is near Cancun, which is very convenient for tourists. Here there is something to see: the pyramid of Kukulkan, consisting of 9 platforms, ancient temples, ruins, sacrifices altars and astronomical observatory.
Appreciate the underwater realm of the island of Cozumel. This is the most popular tourist resort of the country. Underwater world of the island with beautiful coral reefs is extremely diverse. In summer, you can admire the large sea turtles that come here to lay eggs. The ferry to the island goes directly from Cancun.
Look at the sculpture museum under the water. The statues are in the area of Cancun and Isla Mujeres, their goal is to create additional space for the life of corals and marine life. You can see the exhibition of the museum only submerged.
Nature lovers need to visitThe Shel-Ha National Park. It is located near Playa del Carmen. Impenetrable mangroves, hot lakes and noisy waterfalls, grottoes and bays will amaze you with their splendor.
Visit perhaps the most popular among touristsPlace - the ancient Mayan city of Teotihuacan, in which the most famous pyramids of the Sun and Moon are located. The name of the city is translated as "the birthplace of the gods". Here you can see the former once the largest pyramid in the world - the pyramid of Cholula. Now it is somewhat destroyed, and on the top of the ruins the church was established.
Each country has its own specificFeatures, for example, such as the mode of work in Italy or the mandatory observance of a certain etiquette when meeting in India. If you are going to Mexico, it is worth taking into account such trifles:
- Since seismic activity in Mexico is quite large, it is strictly forbidden to enter the zones of encirclement of large volcanoes.
- In Mexico, the crime rate is one of the highest in the world, so visit cities for a day, and order a taxi only by phone.
- Shops in Mexico open no earlier than 9 am and finish work around 7 pm. On Sunday, most of them do not work, so plan to carry out purchases in the middle of the week.
- In Mexico, obligatory gratitude is received to the service staff at the rate of a couple of dollars to drivers and porters. In the restaurant it is worth leaving a tip at the rate of 10% of the check amount.
- The voltage of the electrical networks in Mexico is less than that of us - only 110 V, so it will take a little longer to dry with a hairdryer. You can usually buy an adapter directly at the hotel.
- If you plan to visit mountain areas orTropical forests, in addition to compulsory medical insurance, a number of inoculations should be made, including malaria prevention, against hepatitis A and B, typhoid fever and yellow fever.
To estimate all the rich diversity of this country forThe time of a tourist trip, of course, is impossible, as well as describe it in one article. However, in the country tequila and hot pepper chili bored you just do not have to.