Holidays in Cyprus
Cyprus - the island of Aphrodite, born from the seaFoam and endowed with a special femininity and intoxicating look. Since the goddess of love originated here, then in the air of the island there is a charming aroma of love, felt literally from the first minutes of staying in this unique corner of the planet. If you want to plunge into the bewitching realm of love, then go here. And the captivating charm of these places will make you come back again.
Cyprus - Geographical location
Cyprus - the third largest island and population islandThe Mediterranean Sea. Geographically, it refers to Asia. It is located in the east of the Mediterranean: 385 km to Egypt, 106 km to Syria, 74 km to Turkey. The island stretched from the east to the west for 245 km, and its width - about 100 km. It is divided into several parts. One part belongs to the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, the other is large to the Republic of Cyprus, and between them is a buffer zone. On the territory of the island there are mountains. On the northern coast rises the mountain range of Kyrenia. In the south-west direction is the Troodos massif with many valleys. The highest point of the island is Olympos. The capital of Cyprus is Nicosia.
Climate of Cyprus
The climate on the island is Mediterranean,tropical. It is characterized by a hot, dry summer, beginning in May and ending in September. The number of sunny days reaches 325-345 per year. The holiday season lasts from April to November, the air warms up to + 25-36 ° C, the temperature of the sea water reaches + 25-29 ° C.
Winter is quite mild, rainy, with storms onsea. The temperature sometimes drops to + 5 ° C at night. You can see snow here only in the mountains, for example, in the resort of Troodos. Seasons of spring and autumn are very short, with a comfortable and refreshing weather. Here, almost all year round, the clear sky and the sun shines. Since April the sea is already suitable for swimming, its temperature is kept at around + 20 ° C. Since May, the tourist season officially comes into force.
How to get to Cyprus
Transport links with the continents are beautifulAdjusted. Directly on the island there are 7 airports. And any Russian tourist, flying from Moscow or from St. Petersburg, can be in the airports of Larnaca or Paphos.
The duration of the flight on the "Cyprus Airlines"Is 4.5 hours, and other carriers that have the right to fly through the airspace of the Turkish Republic, spend 3.5 hours on it. Also it is possible to reach by sea - regular flights and ferries, following from Greece, Israel, Egypt.
Visa and customs
To travel to Cyprus territory, every residentRussia draws up a visa. This is carried out in the embassy of the Republic of Cyprus in the Russian capital or in the consulate of St. Petersburg. The procedure for issuance is free and is performed promptly - up to 5 days. Citizens of the European Union do not need a visa, and it is not necessary to make a national visa for a Schengen visa holder.
- Application form in English;
- Passport, with one blank sheet and with a long period of validity;
- A copy of the first sheet of the passport;
- Color photograph, glued to the questionnaire, 3x4 cm;
- A copy of the invitation of the Cyprus travel agency, travel agent or confirmation of the hotel reservation.
For customs clearance, prepare: Passport, air ticket, hotel reservation document, currency - 50-70 € / day for one person. Cash is more than 10 000 € is declared. In a country without a duty, you can enter 50 cigars or 7 packs of cigarettes, 1-2 liters of fortified beverages and 200 grams of perfume. It is prohibited to import weapons, narcotic substances, flowers, chemicals, fruits. It is also not permitted to lift from the seabed archaeological sites and transport them outside the island without permission.
Monetary unit is the Euro. Exchange is made by banks, private exchange points, hotels, transport institutions, post office. Banks in the Greek part of the island function until 13:00, in Turkish - until 17:00, exchange points - a little longer. Avoid large banknotes so as not to buy a fake.
Moving from one city of Cyprus to another, you needIn which parts of the island they are located. On the Turkish section with public transport there are no difficulties - buses are plying constantly, the price is quite affordable - 1.5 € / 50 km. The other half will have to wait a long time for transportation. Buses run only on weekdays, and rarely, and the price is 6 € / 50 km. There is no transport connection between the two parts of Cyprus.
In cities it is possible to travel by minibus andMunicipal buses. Moving in a mini-bus is more expensive. On Saturday, the transport is open until lunch, and on Sunday there is no transportation at all. The airport only gets by taxi, transport does not go there. Taxis are called through the hotel administrator, stop on the street, call from the store or restaurant. The daily rate is cheaper than the night rate by 15%. Sometimes to drive around the island rent a car. The rental price is an average of 35 €.
Resorts of Cyprus
The island is washed on all sides by the watersThe Mediterranean Sea. Blue sea water, unusual underwater inhabitants, lost caves and grottos, secluded coves and endless azure beaches - the wealth of the Cypriots. Luxurious resorts are scattered on the south side of the island:
- Popular: Protaras, Ayia Napa, Larnaca, Limassol.
- Elite resort - Paphos.
- Youth: Paphos, Ayia Napa.
- Family-oriented: Ayia Napa, Larnaca, Limassol, Protaras.
More details about the resorts can be found here.
Hotels in Cyprus
On the island there are hotels of variousCategories. And they are near the coastline or close to it. The farther from the city center the hotel, the longer the beach. Many hotels operate on an all-inclusive basis, some offer half board for guests (you can order lunch or dinner if you wish).
In more prestigious hotels there are swimming pools,Courts, gyms. The voltage in the electrical network in Cyprus is different from the Russian one, so buy an adapter for the use of electrical appliances brought from home.
Traditions and customs
Due to historical events, the island is divided into twoParts, and the customs of these two territories are very different religiously and culturally. Some Cypriots adopted traditions and customs of their close neighbor - Turkey. In the northern regions, children are given Turkish names, in the menu you will see most of the dishes of Turkish cuisine, and the inhabitants of this unrecognized territory profess Islam. Another part of the inhabitants of the island prefers Greek traditions, uses Greek national food and professes Orthodoxy.
The Cypriots are a cheerful and hospitable people. Therefore, various festivals and festivals are often held on the island. A special attraction is the unforgettable Feast of Wine. It is held in early autumn in Limassol. Lasts this enchanting action for several days, accompanied by folk music, pouring out of the barrels of free wine and performing artists on themes from Greek myths.
In May in Kirinia there is a flower fair. Also at the end of August, a curious folk dance festival and a lemon festival are held in Caravas. An unforgettable spectacle is the World Flood Festival, the participants of the procession are moving through the whole city, pour themselves and splash on the people they meet on the way. But despite all the abundance of holidays, the most pompous is Easter.
Entertainment and excursions
For holidaymakers there are unforgettableProspects. Those who are closer to the cognitive form of recreation, are offered thematic excursions around the island, visiting monasteries and traveling to the monuments of antiquity.
Great interest will be caused by a visit:
- The medieval castle of Kolossi;
- Destroyed in the IV century BC. E. The ancient city of Kourion, where the Greco-Roman amphitheater was preserved and restored;
- Tour of the places of the Byzantine churches - Kakopetria, as well as on the way back visit to the wine village of Omodos;
- The temple of Apollo, where in former times the inhabitants of Curio praised the patron of the city of Apollo of Hilat;
- Where Aphrodite-Paphos was born.
Holidaymakers with children can take a dip inThe fascinating world of the Aquapark and the Dolphinarium, see the aquarium and the "show of dancing fountains." For non-settlers and people who like to actively spend their leisure time, Cyprus offers many opportunities: riding a horse, golf, safari tours, tennis. Yachting, fishing, underwater hunting for octopuses, diving are popular.
Cuisine of Cyprus
Greek cuisine dominates the islanders,While a lot of seafood is used. Also, the basis of Cypriot cuisine is meat and vegetable products. A specialty of cooking is meze (a dinner consisting of 25-30 items). First they bring snacks, and at the end meat and fish delicacies.
Excellent taste in dishes with the addition of cheeses"Halloumi", "feta" and young walnuts, placed in syrup. And the wines of the island, fortified spirits and liqueurs are worthy to be tasted. A 10% tip is immediately credited to the account, but if you decide to add a few coins, they will be accepted with appreciation.
In high season shops are open from 7:00 to 20:00, sometimes until 22:00. In the low season (November - March) are working during 8: 00-18: 00 (the break lasts two hours, starting at 13:00). On Wednesday and Saturday, the institutions of trade services are not provided after lunch. Sunday is a day off.
From Cyprus they bring:
- Liqueurs, dessert wines such as "Commandaria", "Namasco", bought in the monastery cellars of Kykkos;
- Silverware, laced lace made by own hands;
- Paintings with nautical themes, jewelry;
- Leather clothes, fur coats;
- Souvenir figurines of Aphrodite, pupae in local folk costumes, mock-ups of ships;
- Culinary products - cheese "halloumi" from goat's milk, sweet delicacies - lukum, halva, "suzukos".
Recently in Cyprus, vigorously advancesthalassotherapy. Five-star resorts open spa centers. Even inventive measures for face and body care are offered: wrapping with the use of sea plants and mud, reflexotherapy, "shiatsu", but book a health complex treatment in advance.
The island of Cyprus is a favorite destination forRussian tourists. This is not surprising. The country is absolutely safe. You can use water simply from a tap, without risking getting an intestinal-gastric disease. And smokers should remember that the island is the most stringent in the EU restrictions on smoking in public places.