Cuba is associated with the tropical sun all year round, with Latin American dances, exciting excursions and clear blue sea water.
Cuba - island-republic, located between twoAmerican continents. This island is the largest of the Antilles. The area is 111 thousand square kilometers, while the length reaches 1500 kilometers.
Washing the northern part of the Florida Strait, andThe southern Caribbean Sea has created a unique landscape and nature. The entire coastline is framed by deep bays and picturesque bays, as well as corals and reefs.
What is the weather in Cuba
Cuba has two seasons: The period May-October is considered a rainy season, the period of November-April is a dry season. But this is a conditional division, since the probability of a tropical rainfall in March is quite possible, and in the summer months dry weather is no exception.
The overwhelming factor that occurs in the fall is a hurricane. The period of their activity falls on October-November, while they are considered irregular.
Currency of Cuba
Since 2005, the official currency has again becomeCuban peso. It is important to know, when exchanging US dollars on the territory of Cuba, that it is necessary to pay an additional 10% tax. In addition, the ban on currency exchange touched the euro, the pound sterling and others.
Visa to Cuba
Thanks to the agreement between the countries, citizens have the right to stay in Cuba for 30 days without having to issue a visa.
Border control will require the provision of:
1. Passport (valid at the time of the end of the trip);
2. air tickets in both directions;
3. Immigration card (two copies).
The immigration card is issued one copy at border control and at departure.
The fee for departure is 25 pesos.
Customs in Cuba
To duty-free import are allowed: personal digital equipment, 200 cigarettes, 3 bottles of alcohol.
Important: it is forbidden to export
1. narcotic drugs;
3. precious metals;
5. cultural values.
An exception is a license to exportJewelry and products made of crocodile leather. Such a license is issued by the seller of the store. Therefore, a cheap purchase on the market without a license will lead to a forced return of goods on customs control.
Havana is the capital of Cuba, which is located inNorthwestern part of the island. Old Havana, carefully preserved the appearance of the colonial era, will open the gaze of the construction of the 15-17 centuries. It is worth seeing the promenade of Malecon, the fortress of Castillo del Morro, forts, the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception.
Varadero is the main tourist center. The beaches of this resort have earned the status of one of the best in the world. They attract tourists from all countries with their white sand and azure waters of the ocean, stretching for twenty kilometers. The main attraction are the karst caves. Golf lovers will love DuPont Villa, where golf championships take place.
Holguin is considered the most populated province. Nature is so diverse that you can see the very top of Cuba and enjoy the beautiful beach, having tasted the traditional Cuban beer. By the way, the estate, formerly owned by Fidel Castro, is located in Holguin. Here is the most beautiful beach of Cuba - Playa Esmeralda.
Santiago de Cuba
Santiago de Cuba has a great historicalHeritage, there is a huge selection of museums and exhibition halls. The Sierra Maestra is a national park in which mountain ranges are located. Tourists will enjoy the Carnival and the festival of Fire, which are celebrated in the summer with all the beauty and brilliance.
Cayo Coco is an island that is a naturalReserve. Its sandy beaches stretch for 20 kilometers. With Cuba it connects a road of 27 kilometers, which is considered to be a beautiful architectural structure. The beach of Los Flamencos became a habitat for flamingos, which can be seen all year round. Couples in love or just privacy lovers will find the perfect place on the beach of Playa Prochobida, nicknamed as "Forbidden Beach".
The island of Cayo Guillermo is 90% uninhabited. Mangrove thickets and palm groves are captivating with their primitive nature, and the singing of birds and the tiniest sand of the beaches conquer its guests.
National cuisine and food in Cuba
The main dishes of Cuban cuisine include rice withBlack beans and pork. On the island of Liberty, lobsters are popular, which you can try in any institution. Exotic lovers should taste tortoise eggs, crocodile meat.
Be sure to try the "Creole ahiko" - pork with vegetables.
Among the drinks, rum is popular, which is for the most part all cocktails. Coffee lovers will appreciate the tart taste and aroma of this Cuban coffee.
Shopping in Cuba
In shops at hotels and city shoppingShops can buy a variety of goods as a souvenir. Especially popular are rum and cigars. Also as a souvenir is brought items made of bamboo, shells, banana leaves and small oil paintings of local marine painters. Shops work every day from 9 to 18, and only on Saturday to 12 hours.
Using the services of cafes and bars,That tips are not included in the cost of services. Their size is 5-15% of the cost of services rendered. For example, in the hotel, service personnel are given $ 1.
Transport of Cuba
The most popular way of traveling in Cuba -They are buses called "va-va". The fare is 10 centavo. The bus stops every four quarters. If it is necessary to leave earlier, it is necessary to inform the driver about it. Also for tourists there are tourist buses, the cost of which is 4 Cuban pesos. A ticket for such a bus gives tourists the right to travel throughout the day unlimited number of times, making stops at any place you like. At rush hour, it is better to refuse to travel by bus and take a taxi.
Cuban taxi exclusively for Cubans1 peso, but it is extremely difficult to catch them. It is better to use the services of a tourist taxi. Their cost is from 50 cents to $ 1 per kilometer, while the cars are comfortable and have air conditioning.
In Cuba, there are three main companies that provide taxi services:
1. "Cubanacan" - Luxury-service with representative cars "Mercedes";
2. "Turistaxi" - Here are small cars of Japanese automotive industry;
3. "Panataxi" - offers cheap services on Lada cars, but only in the capital of Cuba.
The Cuban Railway belongs to the state communication, and its length is 5,219 kilometers. Annually it serves up to 11 million passengers.
The train timetable is not constant. During the day the departure time varies several times. And, paradoxically, for foreign citizens the fare is 20 times higher.
Motor transport in Cuba
The car system is sufficiently developed. The length of the roads is 61 thousand kilometers, while only half of them are asphalted. The road structure has such a distinctive feature as the absence of road signs. If you plan a trip by car, then you need to have a basic knowledge of Spanish or a detailed map.
Car Rental in Cuba
The best way to get acquainted with the island of Liberty -This is a journey through the island savage by car. The rental offices are located in all major cities and every tourist center. To rent a car you need:
1. have an age older than 21 years;
2. driver's license;
3. The passport;
4. pay a deposit of 150-300 pesos, depending on the car brand;
5. pay the rent, on average from $ 45 per day and insurance $ 15.
There is a wide selection of cars from retro to modern models. When renting a car is a contract, which stipulates all the defects on the car.
The cost of gasoline in Havana is about1-1,2 $, on the periphery it is much cheaper. A pleasant moment is the number of the tourist car. It is brown and gives a number of advantages to the owner: driving in closed sections of the tunnel, parking in prohibited places, leniency of police officers.
What is not recommended in Cuba
When planning a trip to the island of Freedom, you should study the features of communication and some rules:
1. drink running water;
2. valuables and documents must be stored in a safe;
3. categorical prohibition on the photo of military and military equipment;
4. It is impossible for the local population to give small money, except for purchases - bribes are punishable by law.
Hotels in Cuba
Cuba is famous for world hotels, whichThe overwhelming majority are Spanish. There are many 4 and 5 star hotels on the coast. The service operates on an all-inclusive basis with local drinks. Almost all hotels are on the first line to the sea. Beaches have sun beds and umbrellas provided free of charge. Rooms at these hotels are equipped with TV, air conditioning, safe and bathroom. In the rooms the mains voltage is 110 volts, as well as flat sockets, so you need to bring an adapter. In addition to 4 and 5 star hotels, Cuba has more economical options - 3-star hotels.
Diving in Cuba
Cuban diving impresses with the beauty of the underwaterPeace. Due to the abundance of islets and coral reefs, a variety of flora and fauna will please even experienced divers. Nature has formed a giant barrier, protecting divers from strong currents. Favorable conditions for diving are available all year round, thanks to the warm sea water of 24 degrees. Plunging into the world of underwater beauties, the gaze appears rare representatives of the sea spaces. This territory of the Caribbean is included in natural protected reserves.
Even once stepping on the land of the island of Freedom, the feeling of celebration and the sea of bliss will remain forever. And, even if everything is known, you will want to return to the fabulous Cuba again and again.