Children's infectious diseases deliverParents a lot of trouble, especially if they proceed in a latent form. That is why timely diagnosis is very important at the earliest stage, when the disease is just beginning. Today we will try to figure out how the chickenpox differs from rubella.
Chicken pox in a child
Chickenpox - this is the most common childinfection. To be ill with them it is possible only once in a life after which the person develops lifelong immunity. The path of transmission of the disease is airborne, hence it got its name. If chickenpox falls ill in a child's institution, it becomes contagious for other children. No quarantine will not be able to protect babies who have been in contact with chickenpox, since the infectious child becomes one day before the onset of skin manifestations. By the time when the first rashes appear on the skin of a small patient, he already has time to infect many children.
The incubation period with chicken pox is sevenDays, after the expiration of this period, the patient experiences an increase in temperature to 39-40 ° C, there are first signs of a rash, weakness, malaise and headache. First, small pink spots appear on the skin, the number of which increases dramatically in a few hours. Over time, specks turn into bubbles with liquid contents, which in no case can not be squeezed out.
The main trouble that is being broughtPatient rashes - it is itch, because when they are combed into the wound, gets an infection. The causative agent of chickenpox is the herpes virus, so it has no specific treatment. The rash is greased with greens, sometimes anti-viral drugs are added to the treatment, and antibiotics are attached to the infection.
Rubella in children
Rubella Is an acute infectious disease characterized by small-sparse exanthema, mild fever, generalized lymphadenopathy and fetal damage in pregnant women.
The disease is caused by togavirus, which, inThe difference from other viruses, contains neuraminidase. The incubation period for rubella lasts 2-3 weeks. Initially, the patient can note a slight weakness, headache, pain in the muscles and joints, malaise. The temperature for rubella often remains subfebrile, but sometimes it can rise to 38-38.5 ° C.
It lasts no more than 3 days. From the first days of the disease, the patient exhibits generalized lymphadenopathy, mild catarrh of the respiratory tract and mild hyperemia of the pharynx. Sometimes there is soreness of the occipital and posterior lymph nodes. Most often, these symptoms are mild, and so the suspicion of rubella appears only when the rash appears. The treatment of rubella is purely symptomatic: antipyretic, fortifying agents and vitamins.
A distinctive feature of rubella is that the rash appears simultaneously on the entire body
So, we found out that rubella and chickenpox -Infectious diseases, more characteristic of childhood. The chickenpox manifests itself in the form of reddish spots, which later turn into vesicles with liquid contents.
With this disease, there is a weakMalaise and headache. Rubella manifests itself in the form of a pink rash, and is also characterized by the emergence of generalized lymphadenopathy, mild catarrhal phenomena and hyperemia of throat.
How to distinguish rubella from chickenpox
1. With chickenpox, a polymorphic rash is most often observed, that is, there are spots, crusts, and vesicles simultaneously present on the skin. With rubella, only a pinkish rash can be observed.
2. With chickenpox, a temperature rise of up to 40 ° C can be observed, while the rubella occasionally reaches 39 ° C.
3. With chickenpox, the rash is greased with a green, for rubella this is not required.
4. Rubella virus is dangerous in pregnancy, the virus of chickenpox - does not represent a special danger for pregnant women.
5. Chickenpox can be complicated by inflammation on the skin, with rubella this does not happen.
6. Chickenpox rarely passes with catarrhal symptoms, with rubella, reddening of the pharynx, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, generalized lymphadenopathy almost always occurs.