Measles is a contagious infectious disease,often affecting children. It is accompanied by a variety of complications that threaten the general health. Vaccination against measles - a common phenomenon for the majority of modern states, is considered mandatory and necessary for a long and healthy life of the child.
Do I need to be vaccinated against measles
Vaccination against measles allows a person in the event ofcollision with the disease survive it quietly, do not get sick or suffer mild. This is achieved by training the immune system to attack a possible disease-causing agents. For this purpose, measles vaccine contains live attenuated viruses, helping the immune system to create antibodies for meeting future disease.
Vaccination against measles reduces the likelihoodcomplications of the disease. It is extremely important it is for women intending to become pregnant, if they have not previously been vaccinated and they have not had measles. Infection transferred to the womb, adversely affect the fetus, and vaccination for pregnant women is not allowed. Child Vaccination should be made as early as possible, since before the age of five years it will be more susceptible to both the measles, and all sorts of complications of the disease, which can lead to death.
Mistakenly believed that the best "vaccine"It is transferred in early childhood measles. It must be remembered that the sick person is a carrier of the disease, which may be affected unvaccinated, including pregnant women, and those who had made vaccination, danger to others can not be held. You also need to bear in mind that measles has serious complications such as laryngitis, bronchitis, tracheitis, pneumonia and otitis media. Emergency vaccination is possible after contact with the sick person.
Once in the body, the measles virus attacksmucous membrane of the eyes and respiratory tract. Once the lymph nodes, causing inflammation, it spreads through the body from the blood flow. Then, after ten days, which is the incubation period of the disease, the first symptoms appear. They are similar to those which correspond to a cold or flu. There is a runny nose, headache, cough, swells the face and eyelids, tears flowing copiously. Then, the temperature becomes dangerously high, the mucous membrane of the cheeks appears whitish rash, and then it is covered all the skin of the patient.
Measles - is a dangerous disease, asthe result of its complications can be not only pneumonia, bronchitis or deterioration of immunity, but also a violation of the liver, partial loss of vision and hearing. Treatment of the disease can be delayed if we have to deal with complications. Vaccinations for adults to help prevent this. After the injection of measles can not drink alcohol during the 3 days. The validity of the vaccine - 12-13 years. Revaccination adults do not. If you had contact with the patient, but it took another 72 hours, it can help the prevention of measles, immune globulin is used for this.
Currently, vaccination is also performed bywill. The fact that until now there are cases of deaths due to measles, proves the presence of the parents, who for one reason or another do not immunize their children. The danger is not only the disease itself, but also complications, to what are enteropathy, a violation of the nervous system functions, encephalitis.
We have an infant in a blood antibodiesmeasles, obtained from the parent organism. vaccination is not recommended due to the fact that the immune system of the child is in a phase of active formation until the age of six months. In some cases, the threat of disease, vaccination is already doing in the first nine months, but at fifteen percent of children immunity to disease does not occur. In order to guarantee the necessary response of the immune system, it is better to follow the schedule: vaccinations a year, then 6 years.
What is a vaccine against measles is used
Vaccines against measles may be combinedor mono. Recent act only against the virus, whereas combined, depending on the type, creating immunity: measles and rubella; measles, mumps and rubella (vaccine CCP used "Priorix" vaccine); measles and diphtheria. With the simultaneous use of different monovalent injections made separately in different parts of the body. Domestic products are among monovalent, imports are often combined.
How to prepare for immunization
To minimize the possibility of unpleasantsensations and complications, wait a vaccine in the event of any ailments, it is better to avoid large crowds, avoid overheating or overcooling, do not change the climate and time zone and not worry excessively. Children before the visit to the doctor is necessary to measure the temperature, it should be normal. Sometimes doctors prescribe drugs before vaccination against allergies.
To make vaccination
The venue for the introduction of a combination vaccineMeasles is a shoulder (or blade) type subcutaneous injections, buttock or thigh intramuscular. It never intravenously made not to produce an undesired effect. The vaccine itself is called the lyophilisate powder and weakened live viruses. For injection, it is dissolved in a special liquid, as a result of an injection before you can visually assess the quality of the drug by the presence of sediment, turbidity or atypical color.
What is the reaction to the vaccine is considered the norm
Vaccination aims to generate an immune responsesystem, which will allow it to develop antibodies and then be ready to face the virus. Therefore, a common occurrence during the day after vaccination against measles is a slight increase in temperature, a small painful swelling and induration at the injection site. All this takes place even after one day.
Then, after a period of five to seventeendays, followed by a second phase of the reaction. The temperature can be increased to 40 degrees, and fever take up to four days. In children, often as a side effect occur cramps and rash. Against these symptoms will be effective ibuprofen and paracetamol, but in the case of high (greater than 39 degrees), and for a long time does not reduce the temperature recommended to see a doctor.
Possible complications and consequences of vaccination
If a child, which the vaccine was given,manifest allergic reactions, it may be rash, angioedema, urticaria. If the reaction is stronger, the business can reach up to anaphylactic shock. If the child is in convulsions, with an increase in temperature may occur and febrile their brand, continued a few minutes and does not cause harm to health. In rare cases, there is a subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, arising from the fact that in the first year of life has taken place unnoticed disease.
Contraindications for vaccination
As contraindications to vaccinationperforms an allergy to neomycin and eggs, which are the basis for growing viral vaccine material. The individual susceptibility to neomycin. The presence in the body of this inflammatory process, exacerbated chronic disease, infection or intoxication will be forced to postpone the vaccination until their elimination. Pregnancy and problems with the immune system are also included in the list of contraindications.