Suspecting any disease, doctors oftensend the patient to a urine test. This type of laboratory study allows experts to diagnose the state of the immune system, cardiovascular system, kidneys and other organs. If detected a large number of white blood cells in the urine, is wary. Find out why.
What is the white blood cells in urine
So called white blood cells, the taskwhich is the suppression of infection, protect the body against harmful microorganisms. The photo shows that the major elements of the blood do not have color, differ in structure, purpose, are the main elements of the immune system. Cells are capable of passing all the organs, tissues, can move independently through false foot.
If increasing the number of humanbacteria, viruses, foreign particles, they destroy leukocytes die themselves in large quantities and are excreted in urine. Under analyzes doctor diagnoses inflammatory process. The presence of leukocytes in urine is not a pathology, if the rate is not exceeded (according to Table). Sound the alarm should be if a certain threshold is exceeded.
How to pass a urine test
This type of diagnostic test isvery important, it indicated for suspected a variety of diseases, as well as for the purpose of tracking treatment efficacy. If white blood cells in the urine sample increased, a high probability of having disease, the inflammatory process. If a fever, go monthly, increased blood pressure To obtain reliable results, we should not go to the doctor. Recommendations for the delivery of the analysis:
- One day before the date of the biomaterial should be avoidedFood that can affect the color of the fluid secreted by the kidneys: beets, brightly colored fruits, pickles. Do not drink coffee, supplements, drinks.
- It is advisable not to use the sauna or steam bath, eliminate the strong physical exertion.
- Before putting necessary to hygiene, to take a shower.
- If the collection of biological material will be home,kindly requested to buy a disposable container. The fluid you need to collect a few seconds after the start of urination, convey to the laboratory maximum of 2 hours.
- The procedure is done in the morning before eating.
- When collecting container should not touch the skin of the genitals.
Norma leukocytes in urine
Many people wonder - how much should beleukocytes in urine? Any doctor will explain that the number of affected person's age, sex, and other important factors. For example, increased rates are observed due to the treatment of certain medications in pregnant women. White blood cells are large, larger than erythrocytes. In a healthy person the norm is the number of 0 to 5 for women and from 0 to 3 men. When the number of cells in the assays described above 6, the volume of red blood cells is increased, such a state is called leukocyturia.
How to determine the rate of white blood cells? Self - nothing. If there is suspicion of a serious disease, you need to go to the doctor and get tested, following the recommendation. A study carried out by experts of the biomaterial. For analysis it was centrifuged in a graduated tube, the resulting precipitate was examined under a microscope, or using automatic equipment.
White blood cells in the urine of the child
Infants and children, doctors regularly givedirections on urine to detect the problem in time and prevent the development of inflammatory processes, pathologies. Perfect overall analysis should show the number of white blood cells, which is close to zero. Permissible single excess depending on the age of the child, grudnichka. For example, the rate of leukocytes in the urine of male children may vary at 0-7 leukocytes girls - from 0 to 10. The larger white blood cells is detected, the worse the disease in infants.
White blood cells in the urine during pregnancy
Women waiting for the child is assigned a regulara diagnostic study of urine, the procedure is mandatory. The purpose of testing - time to see and fix potential problems, failures. Typically, in the first trimester study administered every 3-4 weeks, followed by - at intervals of 2 weeks, at a later date - more frequently. The level of white cells in pregnant women initially high. The reason - the higher the protective properties of the organism due to the antigenic load. Normal leukocytes in urine during pregnancy - from 0 to 3 units.
Norma leukocytes in the urine of women
If white blood cells are normal in women indicator does not6 above units. If leucocyturia has expressed a degree, this can be seen visually: the discharged liquid becomes turbid color, including lumps, mucus, different thread. The increased number of white blood cells can indicate inflammation of the genital organs, kidney, urinary tract. To get an accurate diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe a reanalysis with the liquid taken from the bladder.
Norma leukocytes in urine in men
It is considered normal if the urine test for leukocytes3 shows the cells in the field of view. If the figure is higher, it is about excess, and the presence of any pathology. The cause analysis may be poor urethral inflammation, infection of the genitourinary system, kidney stones, ureter, connective tissue disease, neoplastic disease and so on.
Norma leukocytes in urine by Nechiporenko
If the overall analysis will show an increased number ofblood cells for further diagnosis the doctor may prescribe an analysis by Nechiporenko. The method helps to identify the amount of protein, erythrocytes, leukocytes, cylinders. In a healthy human white blood cells in the urine by Nechiporenko should not exceed the 2000 figure of 1 ml. If there are more, comparing all this information, the doctor can detect kidney disease, urinary tract.
Elevated white blood cells in urine
If a person has increased levels of white cellsoften present an unpleasant smell of urine, cloudy color, painful. Why do a lot of leukocytes in urine? What caused such a state, and what does it mean? Reasons for increasing white blood cells:
- stagnation of urine;
- kidney infections;
- medication, for example, cephalosporins, diuretics;
- chronic heart failure;
- oncological diseases;
- infectious diseases;
- thyroid insufficiency;
- helminth infection;
- autoimmune processes;
- bronchial asthma;
- ingress of bacteria in the urinary system;
- venereal diseases;
How to lower the white blood cells in urine
It is useful to change the diet, lifestyle, ifan increase in white blood cells is negligible. It is recommended to avoid excessive exertion, fatigue, take a small amount of food at regular intervals throughout the day. It is important to rule out dehydration, to give up a heavy meal. You can try the traditional methods of treatment, for example, a month to drink a decoction of horsetail or often use lime tea.
How to reduce the white blood cells in the urine, if theypathological origin? The method chosen individually, depending on the cause leucocytosis, a particular case, the patient's age. Methods of treatment of an adult and a child may vary. As a rule, the following methods are assigned:
- antibiotics, if the disease is associated with a hit of bacteria infections;
- nonsteroidal drugs to eliminate foci of inflammation;
- the use of combination therapy in pathologies of internal organs;
- appointment of antihistamines, if any increased rates due to allergies;
- chemotherapy, surgery for cancer manifestations;
- cancellation medication if leukocytosis caused by their reception;
- If very high levels used leukapheresis - purified blood transfusion.