Female breast cancer patients moremost concerned about two issues - how to avoid relapse, and will look like a breast after treatment. Experts say that today it is possible to successfully treat the disease and, at the same time, preserve the beauty of the female breast.
How to treat breast cancer
Operation - is not the only method of treatment. In breast cancer, it is combined with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and anti-hormonal treatment (with hormone-dependent tumors). Previously, removal of the entire breast was considered the most secure, but today, in the early stages, sectoral resection is used (partial removal). When there is no metastasis, removing only the tumor is more appropriate than mastectomy (complete removal).
The relationship between the surgery andIrradiation in this case is very important. Appendix surgery radiotherapy reduces the risk of relapse. Also, effective results for the whole breast irradiation is not always required.
"What they are afraid of women going to the oncologist? To lose their femininity. But the treatment of the task - not radical. Where you can store, we try to not just maintain, and even improve breast shape. Where it is impossible - we are trying to reconstruct. There are different situations, depending on the sizes and volumes remove breast itself. There should be an individual approach ", - says head of the Center for Modern mammology LISOD
It turns out that 85% of relapses occur in the bedprimary tumor, which was removed. So why irradiate the entire breast? This understanding has led to the fact that using different methods - the exterior or through the introduction of isotopes - it began to irradiate the tumor bed. The effectiveness of this treatment has not decreased.
Radiation therapy for breast cancer
Oncologists investigated the long-term resultstreatment in cases of complete and partial removal in women in the early stages. Evidence that breast amputation efficient than removing only the tumor, followed by radiation therapy - no. Meanwhile, the survival after resection and irradiation only part of the breast - higher than after mastectomy. But in case of partial removal, not only persists chest, and it is possible simultaneously to improve its shape and form.
radiotherapy safety much higher than thata few years ago. Even at the stage of diagnostic radiologists team very accurately defines the shape and location of the tumor. Three-dimensional planning (3D) allows you to clearly direct the rays on the formation or tumor bed after its removal. Healthy tissue while minimally affected.
Modernization of the equipment led to a more accurateradiotherapy. This allows you to better fulfill the main goal of radiation therapy. Now the equipment can be sure that the target receives the entire dose that is prescribed, and the healthy surrounding tissues receive the minimum radiation dose.
Who perfected all stages of cancer treatmentbreast. In each case, the patient can offer different treatment options. Current approaches are focused on breast preservation and oncoplastic surgery without risking safety. Radiation therapy is a method that reduces the risk of recurrence and allow women to not lose attractiveness.