All parents at least once facedskin rash with your baby. How serious are these conditions and how to act when they appear? The need to take therapeutic measures will depend on what is found in the child if the rash over the whole body or localized in one area, and what other symptoms accompany it.
Types of skin rashes in children
In fact, in what form is manifested rash on the body of the child, are distinguished:
- spots - areas of skin that are different from the color of the surrounding cover, for example, red, pink, or pale and colorless;
- vesicles - small bubbles with serous fluid;
- blisters - develop on the skin due to acute inflammation, such as urticaria;
- bubbles - education with a large cavity;
- ulcers or pustules - pimples on the skin containing pus;
- papules - nodules on the skin surface without internal cavities;
- bumps on the skin - without cavity formation of red and yellow, bluish hues.
In each case, the child must show rashesdoctor. Thus, only an experienced specialist will be able to pinpoint a red rash on the body of the child symptoms of rubella, erythema or allergic reactions. Parents should not just be taken for self-baby, because the fight for clear skin will be effective only if the pathogen is detected, causing the irritation.
Causes of rashes on the body
All variety of reasons, in which children have skin rashes, can be divided into these groups:
- manifestation of an infectious disease that is caused by:
- viral pathogen - measles, rubella, chickenpox, mononucleosis;
- bacteria - scarlet fever;
- an allergic reaction, which developed because of the food, hygiene products, or contact dermatitis;
- reaction to insect bites and mechanical damage to the skin;
- rash of small hemorrhages showing problems with blood clotting, such as meningococcal meningitis.
Rash with allergies
The modern world is literally overflowing factorswhich can irritate the delicate baby skin. Rash over the whole body of the child, as an allergic reaction - a frequent phenomenon, and it can manifest itself in different ways: spots, pimples, small bubbles. With regard to the localization of the body, irritation lesions can appear on many different parts of the skin. So often when there is a food allergy rash on the back and abdomen in a child, and by the reaction of the material of the garment rash can cover the arms, shoulders, legs and even foot baby.
Why, even in cases where the mother does notShe doubts that her baby sprinkle over food, it is necessary to consult a doctor? It should be understood that an allergic rash in a child - this is only the outward expression of the body's response to the pathogen. At the same time with a strong allergy may occur malfunction of the internal organs and even develop angioedema. Visit your doctor irritated skin will help prevent potentially negative consequences, and prescribed medications to help relieve the itching and irritation. Also, the doctor will exclude the development of the baby infection.
After insect bite
Rash in children when they are outside the city in the summer,and even after the usual walk in the park - a very common phenomenon. Mosquitoes, gnats or ants often leave traces that are heavily scratched and may be visible on the skin for several days. Such irritation in most cases can be prevented by using mosquito nets, fumigators, protective sprays.
Much more trouble a child takesbee sting, wasps or hornets. These insects pierce the skin sting and inject venom into the body, which causes severe pain, swelling, edema. These bites are dangerous even and the fact that if a child has an allergy develops after the bite, a rash can spread rapidly throughout the body, causing severe itching and pain. At the same time possible violations of breath, fainting, and even anaphylactic shock. For these reasons, in the event that it is necessary to examine the bite, remove the stinger, give your child an antihistamine and observe its condition.
Childhood diseases with rashes on the skin
Diseases that occur in thisway, can wear a very different character. Some people are on their own, even without any treatment, especially without changing the baby's state of health, and other dangerous its complications and severe consequences, including death. Check out the information about what illnesses may indicate a rash on the body of a child.
Many bubbles chickenpox occurs throughout the body. They are very itchy, after the time covered by crusts.
The rash appears along with fever and cold symptoms. Eruptions from the face spread throughout the body, and after 5 days begin to peel off and go.
Some days your child has increasedfever, cough, tears up in her throat. Then, behind the ears, on the face, and more - all over the body punctulate rash appears. The number of red dots begins to decrease after 3 days.
The illness begins with fever,redness and pain in the throat. Then there are red marks on the child's body. Often they are in a natural body fold: in the groin, the armpits, the folds of the elbows and knees. Punctate rash appears on the face, except for nasolabial triangle.
When the disease is first on the face, and then the hands and feet appear pink spots that grow and merge into one spot. The rash lasts for 10 days.
Infection occurs at very high temperatures, the body slightly above the level of the skin covered by a red vysypka.
On the lips and the skin around them there are small blisters with fluid, which gradually becomes cloudy, then dry on vysypka.
This infectious disease the child's bodycovered with knots and oozing scaly plaques that itch strongly. Through the translucent skin moves scabies mites 0.1-1 cm in length, at the end of which you can see a small black dot - of the parasite.
There is a purple, like a sprocketsubcutaneous rash that does not disappear when pressed. So manifested bleeding from the small blood vessels that occur in this disease. The child tense neck muscles, fever, somnolence, and photophobia. After seeing at least one of these symptoms, you should immediately bring the child to the hospital. When meningitis children who are not provided timely medical care, may die within days.
The rash in infants
In the body of an infant in the first weeks afterBirth is an active hormonal changes, and evidence of this can often be seen on his skin. So, many parents seek medical attention causes a rash on the body of the newborn, which is called prickly heat. It is common in infants. At high temperatures, their sweat glands actively secrete sweat, and in places of natural skin folds (groin, under the arms), often - on the face and buttocks appear small reddish rash. The skin feels when touching wet.
Potnichka is not a dangerous disease, and withThe passage of time, but we must remember that the impact of factors such as prolonged exposure to very hot clothes or wet diaper can trigger diaper rash in infants. Mothers in the care of the newborn must be very attentive, to notice changes in rashes. It is necessary to take into account the fact that often the youngest can develop an allergy to food, hygiene products, clothing materials. In this age, when their immune system is formed, it is necessary to pay special attention to protect children from external stimuli.
What to do if your child has a rash
If the baby's body was covered with a rash, should immediatelyalso assess whether there are his signs of infection, such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, sore throat. Next, define a rash all over the body of the child is or is localized for some areas of the skin, and what it is: in the form of spots, bubbles with the liquid, pus formation, etc.
This inspection will help you understand how urgentlyWe need to show the doctor the baby. Even if you are confident that vysypka skin - an allergy when eaten, will still consult with a specialist. Doctor, comparing all the signs and symptoms will dispel your fears, or just starts to treat the disease. If infection is suspected, a doctor is better to call home, a sick child, if possible, isolated in a separate room. Before joining doctors, it is desirable not handle irritation drugs, so as not to complicate diagnosis.