Inflammatory disease of the urinary(urethra) - urethritis. This is a common urological disease in the area, are not insured by any woman or man. But not all know the symptoms and treatment of urethritis, and rarely think about it, until the problem will not affect him personally.
Causes of urethritis
The causes of the disease are different. It depends on the agent and disease type.
- Infectious urethritis. His "activating" the bacteria, viruses, ureaplasma, gonococci, trichomonas, chlamydia (Chlamydia), mycoplasma and other microorganisms. Pathogens are divided into specific (such as gonococci and gardnerella) and nonspecific (streptococcus, E. coli and others.)
- Non-infectious causes (urethral syndrome). These include: urinary system injuries, allergies, congestion in the pelvis, narrowing of the urethra. Perhaps at cystoscopy, the passage of the stone. When Noncommunicable urethritis activated micro-organisms (eg, staphylococci), whereby the non-infectious urethritis develops into a nonspecific infection.
The symptoms of urethritis
Diseases of the urethra affects all. Few of the people, being in old age, can claim to be unfamiliar with the symptoms of the disease. Often the disease is completely painless, with no obvious signs, and the person does not know about the presence of the disease. As reflected in humans the disease depends on the state of the organism, and other factors.
Even if a person does not know about the disease and does not feelsymptoms - it does not mean that it can not be a carrier of the disease and "reward" her other. The infection occurs mainly through sexual contact. The disease can occur immediately, but at the end of the incubation period. The first symptoms can appear 2-8 days after infection. In rare cases, the incubation period can last for several weeks.
The main symptoms of the disease:
- cramps and pain during urination, especially at the beginning of a painful
- urethral discharge, which are particularly abundant in the morning
When bacterial infections are selectionextremely unpleasant odor, abundant and brown-green. In men, the urethra is a narrow and long, because they feel the manifestation of the disease earlier and stronger. In women, the disease can remain undetected for a long time.
Unlike conventional inflammation, urethritis not cause fever or general weakness of the body.
The first sign of the disease - the pain ofurinating. But to tolerate even minimal pain is not worth it. The disease can develop into a chronic form, or cause a number of other, more unpleasant disease (eg, vesicles, prostate). Because the first signs should see a urologist and pass assigned tests.
According to the results of tests and examination, the doctor will prescribeyou treatment. As a general rule, apply antibacterial preparations, the choice of which varied. The course of treatment may last for a few days or a few weeks. All depends on the stage of urethritis. Hospitalization of patients with urethritis passes in exceptional cases - in the presence of severe septic complications.
Unlike acute urethritis, treatmentchronic is not limited to antibacterial drugs only. There is further need to apply immunotherapy agents, physical therapy, and sometimes it is necessary to introduce specific medications into the urethra.
When gonorrheal urethritis (in the case of infiltrationcells) using the introduction into the urethra of silver nitrate solution or Collargol In rare cases, may conduct "bougienage" procedure -. channel expansion using metal bougies.
Treatments are chosen according tocauses and causative agent. Determine the type of pathogen using microscopy. In each case, the problem is solved with a specific individual patient. Based on the results of laboratory tests, the doctor chooses medicines and treatments that will be effective in certain cases.
Types of urethritis
The disease is classified according to various urethritiscriteria. In the presence of infection is an infectious urethritis (specific, nonspecific) and non-infectious. urethritis also is acute or chronic.
The acute form of the disease is characterized by a burning sensation,redness, itching, and painful urination. There are acute gonorrheal urethritis, a distinctive feature of this type of disease - excessive discharge of pus from the urethra.
The chronic form of acute urethritis passes,if left untreated. This form of the disease characterized by purulent discharge, painful urination. A few weeks later, in the absence of treatment, the symptoms go away or become less noticeable. Periodically there is an exacerbation of the disease, the presence of precipitating factors (stress, hypothermia, alcohol abuse and indecent sexual life).
Chronic urethritis has all the signs of acute: burning, pain, discharge from the extremely unpleasant odor and color. It is characterized by this kind of periods of exacerbation and remission it. At the time of acute symptoms can be pronounced or subtle. During remission no symptoms at all, or not felt as strongly as during exacerbations.
With each exacerbation pass includes all newfield urethral mucosa. The disease progresses over time and the symptoms become more pronounced and painful. Also it is necessary to understand that this suffering organs located near the urethra, and there are new diseases:. Epididymitis (disease of the appendages of the ovary), prostatitis (prostate inflammation), cystitis, kollikulit, etc. In the future, this could affect the functioning of the kidneys and the possibility of having children.
Prolonged absence of treatment and repeatedholding ureteroscopy, catheterization is a narrowing of the urethra. This may reduce the pressure of urine during urination. In such cases will only surgery.
Urethritis in women
It is necessary to differentiate between cystitis and urethritis. Cystitis - inflammation of the bladder, and its main symptoms - frequent urination, and persistent pain in the abdomen (not just during urination). Women have often been simultaneously and cystitis, and urethritis. And the manifestations of the disease can be more clear and vivid than other symptoms.
What are the causes of urethritis in the beautiful half of humanity?
- sex life (rapid sex or promiscuous)
- sexually transmitted and infectious diseases of the genital tract
- unhealthy diet (alcohol, sour, spicy, salty)
- gynecological diseases
- urolithiasis disease
- exposure to toxins
- low immunity
- medical procedures, surgical procedures
Symptoms symptoms of urethritis in women - itching,redness, burning, painful urination, purulent discharge. Identify the disease in women is much more difficult, so the disease often remains undiagnosed and, therefore, not cured.
Treatment takes place in the home, and the mainway of dealing with the disease - antibiotics. Conventionally distinguish several points on which there is inflammation in the treatment of women: the restoration of the walls of the urethra, the vagina microflora and immune reconstitution.
In the case of severe illness or if the disease is caused by an infection, the procedure shall be appointed with a view to restore the walls of the urethra.
To prevent the occurrence of disease infuture, it is necessary to restore the microflora in the vagina. It may be here to stay microorganisms that are causative agents of disease. For their identification is necessary to address to the gynecologist.
Avoid disease prevention will help him. What to do for prevention:
- Avoid hypothermia;
- be legible in sexual relations (it is not necessary to conduct promiscuous remember about contraceptives);
- visit the gynecologist at least by 1 every six months to avoid vaginal infections. It would be nice to visit venereologist.
- Avoid constipation and diarrhea, and if they come, try to quickly and efficiently get rid of these problems;
- revise the food, make it balanced and healthy;
- avoid stress and lack of sleep;
- closely monitor the hormonal changes that may result from menopause, cycle violation, childbirth and pregnancy.
Urethritis in men
In men, urethritis passes much more painful andIt felt more acutely than in women. Infection occurs in 98% through sexual contact. Infection can occur immediately, but over time, at the slightest weakening of the body.
The causes of inflammation in men:
- physical exercise
- urolithiasis disease
- promiscuous with frequently changing partners, and without the use of contraceptives
- alcohol, spicy and salty foods
- stress, weakened immunity
Manifested urethritis in men emergencepain during urination; itching, redness of the skin on the penis or the head; purulent or mucous discharge; unpleasant and painful urination.
Above presented symptoms may not alwayspresent in its entirety, the disease may be asymptomatic. In this case, the presence of the disease is not easy to diagnose, and hence prescribe treatment. As a result, acute urethritis may develop into chronic.
In the absence of timely treatment of possible complications that are more serious. Perhaps the development of the following diseases: cystitis, haematospermia, orchitis, prostatitis, and other colliculitis.
Urethritis in children
It is not sad sounds, but children can alsoill urethritis, but there are such cases are rare. The probability of occurrence of the disease is much higher in the presence of phimosis in boys and balanoplastita and adhesions in girls, vulvitis, vulvovaginitis.
Cause urethritis in children can:
- getting bacterial pathogen to the mucosa of the urethra
- neglect of personal hygiene rules
- urethral injury
- allergic reactions
- lowered immunity baby
The symptoms indicating the presence of the disease:
- frequent urination
- complaints of pain and burning sensation when urinating
- allocating Similar to mucus
If one or more manifested symptomsdisease should consult a doctor, to pass a urine test, done scraping or pass a swab from the urethra. It is better to identify the disease at an early stage of development, so that it did not develop and progress.
For the treatment used antibacterialdrugs aimed at the destruction of bacteria that were the agents of the disease, or eliminate other cause. Prescription drugs should urologist, in any case can not be arbitrarily prescribe treatment, it will only delay the healing process.
Complications after urethritis
When complications of the disease primarily affectedauthorities, "adjacent" to the urethra. In women, complications are expressed primarily in the form of cystitis and pyelonephritis (with the result that may cause edema). After contact infection is not excluded infection in the vagina and it occurs causing vaginitis, endometritis, adnexitis also possible cervical infection.
In men, the infection can "touch" the prostategland, triggering the occurrence of prostatitis. They can be infected kidneys, bladder, testes and seminal bubbles. The worst complication - narrowing of the urethra, which can lead to a violation of the outflow of urine, and subsequently, to renal failure or pyelonephritis.
To avoid complications, it is worth listening tobody, to monitor the state of health, to respond quickly to the slightest changes, if necessary, consult a doctor (urologist, gynecologist) and pass inspection.
Prevention of urethritis
In order to avoid unpleasant moments associated with urethritis, should take preventive measures. These include:
- personal hygiene;
- safe sex life (with one sexual partner, using contraceptives);
- exclusion means that cause allergies;
- healthy lifestyle;
- the right clothes from natural fabrics.
Urethritis - an unpleasant disease characterizeddiscomfort and possible complications. Because should best protect themselves from it, doing all the preventive measures and be extremely careful.
If you help this article, or have your own opinion or experience with the treatment of urethritis, leave your comments at the bottom of the page.