How does an allergy - symptoms in children and adults. Signs of allergy, video

The manifestation of an unhealthy body's sensitivityto a particular substance is called an allergy. Failure of the immune system leads to the fact that the innocuous products perceived as dangerous, defensive reaction runs. It is important to know how to manifest any kind of allergy. It will help to take action. If the parents causes a reaction to some allergen, it is passed on to children.

What are the symptoms of allergies in adults and children

There are three main forms of allergy: respiratory, nutritional, skin. In the first case the affected sections of the respiratory tract. Respiratory diseases having an allergic nature - rhinitis. Heavy version - asthma. If a person is prone to respiratory allergies, it causes most acute sharp odors, cigarette smoke.

In cats and dogs

Symptoms of allergy appear after 5 minutesafter contact with pets, gradually picking up and after 3 hours peak. Cat allergens covered clothes cat owner can bring on an attack in a patient even in such an indirect way. Allergies to animal dander is less common than other components, such as dandruff, skin particles. Symptoms of allergies to cats and dogs:

  • watery eyes;
  • coughing and sneezing;
  • dyspnea;
  • bronchospasm;
  • hives.

Food allergies

Unhealthy reaction occurs after meals, ina period of from several minutes to a few hours. Toddlers often cause an allergic reaction eggs. Allergen may be the familiar product like tea. Symptoms of food allergy - swelling of the mouth, lips, throat, itching in the area. Then join nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. In severe cases angioedema, anaphylactic shock.

On milk

Allergy to cow protein (casein) may oftenobserved in infants. It is important to know how to manifest this allergy. It will quickly eliminate the irritating product. Frequent phenomenon - are allergic to breast milk the baby. Symptoms:

  • profuse vomiting after meals;
  • painful colic;
  • flatulence;
  • diarrhea;
  • urticaria, rash, red spots, clearly stand out in the photo.

Allergies to milk occurs in adultsabout a quarter of people. Often confused with a reaction to lactose. The intolerance of the substance occurs due to a lack of enzymes. From this lactose - undigested sugar - accumulates in the colon. This leads to bloating. Milk is reacted almost immediately after ingestion by man dairy products.

For honey

Honey intolerance due to the presence thereinpollen. When this reaction product was observed primarily on the skin manifestation of an allergy. She blushes, there are rashes, blisters, swelling, dermatitis develops. Other symptoms:

  • sore throat, bronchospasm, sneezing, runny nose abundant;
  • Allergies in the throat: the throat swells, there are changes in the mucosa;
  • tearing, eye redness;
  • disorder of the digestive tract.

In infants in the mixture

After the introduction of complementary feeding in infants candevelop intolerance to a specific mixture. Normally, the baby burps after eating 1-2 times. In the case of allergies increases the amount of up to 5-7 times. Teething problems with a chair - constipation or diarrhea. There is a runny nose, cough, skin symptoms. There are a rash in the baby face, abdomen, buttocks.

At nuts

Unhealthy sensitivity to any nutsIt appears at an early age, and some people life is preserved. Most allergens are peanuts, walnuts. The reaction occurs after eating a product containing even a little bit nuts. Symptoms:

  • rash or itching;
  • abdominal cramps, and diarrhea;
  • shortness of breath, itchy nose;
  • lacrimation.

On lemon

Intolerance of citrus fruit subject tochildren and adults alike. It is evident immediately after contact with the allergen. Symptoms typical: digestive disorders, skin rashes, redness and itching, rarely - rhinitis. No matter how many people ate a lemon, even one gram enough to allergy. Her most difficult symptom - angioedema.

For dessert

Sometimes a small piece of chocolate leads to serious consequences, up to loss of consciousness. When intolerance sweet following telltale signs are observed:

  • red spots on the hands;
  • on the chin, neck and collarbone - a rash that is very itchy;
  • leg covers eczema;
  • in severe cases, anaphylactic shock is possible (from sweet food protein origin).

On mushrooms

Sensitivity to fungi is shown in the processprocessing, or in contact with the products, the production of which they have been used. The first reaction is the part of the respiratory system, the way the allergen enters the body. If the mushrooms are eaten, allergy signal skin and digestion. When the mushroom spores "attack" mucous membrane of eyes, nose and throat, there conjunctivitis, rhinitis and cough.

On seafood

Fish (especially red), shrimp, sushi are often allergens. The reason - in protein molecules that are sensitive body perceives as a dangerous compound. The response of the organism:

  • tingling in the mouth;
  • vomiting and nausea;
  • redness of the skin;
  • appearance of rashes, blisters;
  • the occurrence of asphyxia, in severe cases - anaphylactic shock.

On drugs

Intolerance to certain medicationssevere cases can cause loss of body systems, disruption of the internal organs. How does this allergy, it is important to know in particular. The cause of painful reactions are habitual drug - iodine, novocaine, "Espumizan" in the newborn vitamins. For the development of these reactions result in antibiotics.

On the dust

Carpets and cabinets cover a whole range of substances: pet hair, dander, hair and particles of human skin, insect excrement, fungal spores, dust Book. All this - the allergens. Chief among them - dust mites. Acute allergic symptoms at night or in the morning on waking, when cleaning the apartment condition worsens. In areas with a large number of carpets are amplified reaction.

Symptoms of seasonal allergies

Allergic rhinitis - the basic form of the disease. It is shown as a constant nasal congestion, itching, and a runny nose. There is a growing seasonal allergies in flowering period. There is another kind of response to climate change. Allergy to cold appears on the face: this part of the body is opened. After returning home, the patient's cheeks covered with red spots that do not fade, and amplified. The sun, too, can be an allergen, its intolerance of radiation called photodermatitis.

In the household chemicals

Irritants can be detergent,dishwashing detergent, spray-freshener, and so on. Initial contact with the allergen causing sneezing, eyes and nose flows abundantly, choking occurs. Further develop skin lesions and digestive tract. After the cessation of contact with the allergen, attacks quickly terminated.

All manifestations of allergy

If there was a suspicion of an allergy,experts advise to track down the culprit. Donating blood for all allergens to prescribe treatment - employment troublesome and expensive. Just write down everything that enters the body of the patient. Mark each product after the reaction. To go to the allergist with these records.

Types of allergic reactions

Symptoms of allergies in children

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