Astigmatism is a diseaseviolation of visual acuity due to the deformation of the shape of the cornea, lens. This is due to the refraction of rays violation of which fall on the retina, which leads to lack of clarity the outlines of objects. In the early stages of astigmatism can be treated at home. This is the best solution for people who want to spend restoring vision without surgery, but in the later stages of the disease without surgery does not cure. In the international medical disorder is marked with ICD-10-H52.2.
How to cure astigmatism in children and adults in the home
Easiest vision corrected earlydisease, it is important to diagnose it as early as possible. A feature of the disease is its manifestation in children under one year. Noticing that grudnichok astigmatikom becomes difficult, high risk to miss the development of the disease. Children astigmatism, usually congenital, hereditary. If one of the parents suffers from short-sightedness (myopia) or farsightedness, you should regularly check the child for vision problems.
The disease can be divided into three levels. Considered weak astigmatism up to 3 D, the average is in the range of 3-6 D, high - 6 D. Regular inspections allow the ophthalmologist to correct vision without the use of laser surgery. Treatment depends on the kinds of astigmatism, which is divided into corneal and lenticular. The second option is a less severe form, so it is a lot cured without surgery. In this case, astigmatism, glasses, lenses and drops help in restoring lens.
With astigmatic lenses
Vision correction can be carried outtoric contact lens use. For manufacturing take the same material as that for ordinary lens. Restore the lens helps spherocylindrical special form. The lenses have two optical powers, one of which is aimed at correcting the astigmatism along the meridian, and the second - to improve the view. You can buy a disposable or reusable contact lenses. The advantages of this method include:
- the ability to create the best conditions for binocular vision (both eyes);
- minimum distortion of the image and displays the prismatic effect;
- minimal changes in the image on the retina and visual fields.
Disadvantages in this method to improve eyesight toothere is. Regular wearing of lenses can cause inflammation, discomfort. In rare cases, the disease is compounded astigmatism progresses. This effect disappears after stop wearing lenses. There are cases when long-term use led to an exchange-dystrophic changes in the cornea.
Drops to improve vision
Strengthen the vision with astigmatism may be usingeye drops including vitamin. The main purpose - to increase the metabolism, blood circulation in the lens and cornea. The tool does not improve vision, but contributes to stopping the progression of astigmatism. It is noted that the drops are particularly useful for myopia and hyperopia people. such names can be found among the popular medicines:
With the help of eye exercises
How to improve eyesight? In the early stages of the disease to treat astigmatism at home, doctors recommend starting with a charge to the eye. This is the easiest way to restore normal vision without additional funds to be used in the form of development of disease prevention. Engage need a minimum of 2 times a day on a regular basis, each exercise is repeated at least 6 times. Gymnastics for the eyes:
- I close my eyes, move them vertically, then horizontally.
- Not opening his eyes, rotate them in a circle, then open and repeat the movement. 6 The first time - in a clockwise direction, the second - against.
- Often blink for a minute.
- Lift your finger to the nose, concentrate on its vision for 30 seconds.
- Select two items. One should be close, and the second - far. Look at them in turn. This will cause the muscle fibers to work the eye.
By the method of Bates
You can use Beust method to get ridfrom astigmatism. Another option exercises for the eyes, which developed the American ophthalmologist. According to the theory of Dr. disease problem lies in uneven stress eye muscles. He attributed this to the presence of short-sightedness or long-sightedness of all people with this problem. When selecting exercises Bates took as a basis for ancient Oriental healing systems, which claim that the power of the eye is related to the general state of the organism. Gymnastics for Bates:
- 100 more turning his head.
- During cornering move the view to a page with small print between the lines, on each of which blink gently. Combine a revision to a page with turns heads.
- Within a minute, gently and often blink.
- Spend special exercises for nearsightedness or farsightedness people.
Folk remedies for the eyes
- "Splashing Water" - a simple method for the treatment of astigmatism at home. It should be 30-50 times with cold water splashed in the eyes. This will improve blood circulation, metabolism.
- Insist on pieces of blueberry. In 1 liter of boiled water mix 2-3 teaspoons of leaves of bilberry. Leave for 5-6 minutes, strain through cheesecloth. Eat infusion before meals throughout the day in equal portions.
- The infusion of eyebright. For the treatment of astigmatism and improve vision brew in 1 liter of boiling water about 50 g of eyebright. Let sit for 2-3 hours, strain through cheesecloth. Drink 100 g 3 times a day before meals strictly.
Features of treatment of astigmatism
Experts say that the initial stageastigmatism (up to 0,5 D) few treats, it is present in virtually all people, but the vision has no effect. As a rule, begin correction with the use of glasses, lenses or eye gymnastics. Anyone who suffers from this disease, it is prohibited to read lying down or in the dark. In addition to work on the eyes, should strengthen your body entirely: sport, proper nutrition (enough vitamins). Based on the type of astigmatism, prescribe a different treatment.
With this type of person does not have astigmatismclarity of vision from far or near. This is the most difficult to treat disease variant. It is necessary to reduce the optical power at one meridian and increase differently perpendicular to the first. For the treatment of children used glasses in adolescence - the lens. Prescribed for continuous wear.
For patients of mature age are selected points witha combination of spherical and cylindrical glasses. This makes it possible to adjust the optical power of the main meridians of the eye. The variant with toric lenses. The maximum effective treatment that will improve vision, vision correction is laser, but without preventing relapse of the disease.
Blurred vision, in which the diagnosedmyopia, can induce myopic astigmatism. It is important to detect the disease in the early stages of treatment to be effective. To this should be regularly visit an ophthalmologist. Special care needs to be parents to their children. If you notice that the child squints, or looking for something, bowing his head, complaining of eye strain - lead a doctor.
In the first step for the treatment of astigmatism,Eye exercises are used to wearing lenses or glasses. Typically, the adjustment operation is carried out of high stages of the disease, because long-term use of glasses, lenses can cause headaches, dizziness. However, the request of the patient, surgical intervention can be carried out in the first stage.
Unlike the previous one, myopathic type,hyperopic - a hyperopic astigmatism. Precise data on the causes of its manifestations is not, but it is believed that the disease is transmitted by inheritance. This is one important reason parents with this disease very closely monitor the eye health of their children. There are two types of the disease:
- Simple hyperopic astigmatism. One person sees a good eye, and in the second there is hyperopia.
- Sophisticated hyperopic astigmatism. When it develops farsightedness in both eyes.
For vision correction prescribed for adultswearing lenses or glasses during the execution of a particular job. Babies also need to wear them all the time to avoid asthenopia, strabismus or amblyopia. These methods do not cure the disease, they just improve vision while you are wearing lenses or glasses. Correct astigmatism only by surgery using the "leveling" the cornea.
How to check the eyesight at home on your computer
Each person can independently pass a testastigmatism, if there is a suspicion of the presence of the disease. This can be done right at home, sitting in front of computer. It is not 100% accurate method, but it must pass to calm the soul. Here is a photo snowflake with rays of the same thickness. A man with a healthy eye will see all the lines snowflakes equally clear detail. In the presence of astigmatism is one part of the picture is less clear-cut than the other.