High Cholesterol - what to do, means to normal levels in the blood. Increased cholesterol levels in women and men

Cholesterol - an organic compound,consisting of fats and steroids. This material is very important for the body, since it consists of cell membranes and many hormones. Excess cholesterol promotes the development of serious diseases, such as arteriosclerosis or myocardial infarction. In order not to wonder: "High cholesterol is what to do," you need to take care of their health in advance. But what if the problem has already touched you?

Causes of high total cholesterol level

The increase in the concentration of cholesterol in the blood,primarily affects life. If you do not eat, move a little, you are overweight, smoke or drink alcohol, the high risk of increasing the level of cholesterol in your blood. Another reason for the increase concentration of the substance can be a variety of disease:

  • malfunction of the thyroid gland
  • diabetes
  • kidney disease
  • high blood pressure
  • liver disease

All of the above diseases amenabletreatment or control. If you follow your health, the complications caused by high cholesterol, you will not get any. Unfortunately, there are factors that can not be exposed to drugs operations. Doctor's consultation does not help in such cases. For example, small changes in the genome can provide inherent high cholesterol. Predisposition to an increase in the blood concentration of this substance determined by gender, age, belonging to certain ethnic groups, and earlier menopause.

Signs and symptoms

Elevated cholesterol levels correctlyIt called hypercholesterolemia. Obvious symptoms of the disease not identify them visually without analysis impossible. But high cholesterol causes a number of more serious diseases, such as atherosclerosis. He then, as time is very bright symptoms for which doctors have the correct diagnosis.

Symptoms may include:

  • Angina caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries of the heart.
  • Pain of lower limbs, which may be caused by a narrowing of the lumen of the arteries that supply the nutrition of the organism tissue.
  • The presence of clots in the blood or rupture of the vessel can cause ischemic attack or stroke.
  • Plaque rupture, which leads to thrombosis or coronary heart failure.
  • Spots on the skin yellow (xanthoma). Generally formed around the eyes. This is a clear sign of deposition of cholesterol in the body.

How to lower cholesterol?

Anyone who has been diagnosedhypercholesterolemia, asks: "I have high cholesterol that I do?" There are many ways to reduce the concentration of this substance in the blood to normal. The most affordable and easy - diet. Its basic rule is to limit the consumption of too much fatty and sugary foods. Also worth to give up a meal a few hours before bedtime.

Positively on the health status and normalizationIt affects cholesterol and quitting smoking, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages. Another factor that reduces cholesterol, is physical activity. Try to move more during the day, combining it with diet and medications, you will certainly achieve positive results.

Arsenal medicine is growing every year. If in the middle of the last century, in addition to diet and exercise physician could no longer give any recommendations to lower cholesterol, but now there are lots of drugs that normalize the concentration of the substance. Some drugs are even able to destroy the already formed plaque. Do not forget about alternative medicine, because there are many recipes that can help in hypercholesterolemia.

Proper nutrition and diet

Dietary food for lowering cholesterolbased on the use of foods with a minimum fat content. Cooking food in vegetable oil or butter is unacceptable, because even when such processing vegetables saturated with poorly soluble in lipids. Food is better to eat stewed or boiled than fried. If the rejection of foods rich in cholesterol is implemented, it is recommended to use an additional amount of plant food. The fiber contained in vegetables, prevents the absorption of fat-thirds entering the body.

With high cholesterol it is important to maintain a balancevitamins and trace elements. Eat more fruits and vegetables. Nuts provide additional inflow of mineral substances. Acceptable use of red fish in limited quantities. Although this product contains a high concentration of cholesterol, it is also rich body needs vitamin D and iodine, which have a positive effect on metabolism.

It is important to include in the diet foods that do not contain cholesterol, while facilitating its removal from the body:

  • grapes
  • avocado
  • beet
  • тыква

Products that reduce cholesterol

To lower the cholesterol level is excellentgreen tea. The only problem is that the continued use of the drink causes kidney problems. No worse than struggling with cholesterol in the infusion of olive leaves. This is an excellent antioxidant, but to get it slightly heavier than green tea. Actively contribute to the removal of excess cholesterol nuts:

  • pistachios
  • hazelnut
  • almond
  • Walnut

From the video below you will find information about whether it is possible to normalize cholesterol levels only through food and how to do it.

The use of drugs

In severe cases, the doctor immediately appoint a number ofdrugs that need to be taken with the diet for a complex effect on the cholesterol concentration in the blood. Perhaps you will register medicines, cleansing the body, affecting the operation of body systems (eg, "Ziflan"). Also, the following groups of drugs can be recommended:

  • antihypertensive agents
  • statins
  • drugs that reduce the amount of triglycerides
  • aspirin
  • niacin

Folk remedies

Alternative medicine also copeswith a decrease in blood cholesterol levels. One of the most affordable and easiest ways - Juice therapy. juices treatment course lasts for 5 days, and repeat it is necessary to once a month. The principle of treatment is simple - you need to drink every morning a choice of fresh juice of the following fruits, vegetables and herbs:

  • carrots
  • celery
  • cucumber
  • orange
  • apple
  • beets
  • cabbage

The problem of high cholesterol perfectlycopes flaxseed, which can be easily purchased at any pharmacy. It should be consumed daily during a medical diet. Pre-seed is to grind in a coffee grinder. Means helps to stabilize the pressure to improve the digestive system and decreases the concentration of cholesterol in the blood.

Another recipe, which helps in the fight againstHypercholesterolemia - linden flowers. They are usually harvested in the spring, or buy at the pharmacy. The course of treatment with this tool is 1 month. Before the flowers use to grind to a powder and take one teaspoon 3 times a day. Tool successfully displays excess cholesterol and allows to lose weight without any effort.

Why is required control during pregnancy?

In pregnant women, a slight increasecholesterol. This is absolutely normal. But it is necessary to closely monitor the concentration of this substance in the blood. Excessive levels of cholesterol can be harmful, as the fetus and the mother. Try to be tested regularly and comply with all recommendations of the physician. Otherwise, the increased concentration of lipids in the body will increase the viscosity of the blood and makes blood vessels less strong against the background of which will increase the risk of heart disease and blood vessels in the baby.

Hypercholesterolemia - disease that has nosymptoms, but it can lead to more serious diseases. If you are healthy, try to periodically take a blood test for biochemistry. If you have found high cholesterol to ask what to do at the attending physician. Do not self, regardless of the recommendations of friends about a drug or national funds.

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