How is herpes transmitted on the lips? Who is at risk of infection? How to prevent infection with the disease? Read about this in our review.
The cold on the lips is extremelyA common disease. According to scientists, more than 90% of the world's population is affected, and it is possible to detect the presence of the herpes simplex virus in almost any person. Therefore, the question whether the herpes is transmitted on the lips, can be called relevant only in one case - when it comes to infection of a person who had not previously had contact with the patient. Such people usually include young children.
Why is herpes dangerous for your child?
Being in the body of the mother, the baby receives from herNot only useful substances necessary for growth, but also primary immunity. He remains in the crumbs about six months after birth and is a guarantee that the baby will not fall ill with those diseases to which the mother's body has already developed protection. The same applies to the herpes virus. However, the primary immunity of the child gradually goes away, leaving the right to its immune system to independently get acquainted with the surrounding world.
In this case, the later the baby collides withHerpes virus, the better, since primary infection in early infancy is extremely dangerous. It can cause acute inflammatory conditions, lead to severe disorders (up to the development of meningitis), and leave a negative trace for the rest of the child's life.
That's why every mother is extremely important to know,Is herpes contagious on the lips, and try to protect your baby as much as possible from a collision with him. A more or less safe period of the meeting with this infection is the age of 4 years, when the immunity of a child is strong enough to cope with the disease without complications.
How the disease spreads - herpes
Herpes virus refers to the most resistant toenvironment. It does not die in the cold and high air temperature, it persists in the water. But the amount of it in space, as a rule, is not enough to infect humans. Therefore, the most probable way of transmitting herpes on the lips is direct contact with the diseased. It can also take place in several "scenarios".
Take and touch sores on the lips of anotherHuman - almost 100% guarantee of transmission of the disease. During this period, the virus is particularly active and easily penetrates into tissues, mucous membranes. Is it possible to kiss herpes on the lips? Definitely not, if you do not want to reward a loved one with exactly the same "decoration". By the way, speech in this case goes not only to people who have never had sore throats. Even an infected person (and such, as we said, more than 90% of the adult population) with the developed immunity will receive a relapse of the disease, as the number of viruses in his body will increase beyond the maximum permissible "norm". Therefore, with herpes, you can not kiss, let alone engage in oral sex. In the latter case, the disease is guaranteed to arise on the genitals.
Transmission by airborne droplets
The incubation period of herpes on the lips is7-30 days after the initial infection. Later on throughout the life of a person, he is present in saliva, the secretion of the mucous membranes, semen and vaginal secretions. But its volumes are small, however, during the disease or acute respiratory infections, the virus is actively developing. Therefore, during coughing or sneezing of the patient, it is carried around the surrounding space by airborne droplets. If there are people nearby, the virus settles on their mucous membranes and provokes infection.
Transfer by household contacts
A patient with herpes is dangerous to others not onlyItself. If, after processing the affected area, he does not wash his hands, a large number of microbes will remain on them and move there, to which the person will touch. Door handles, faucets in the bathroom, forks and spoons in the kitchen - it is believed that this is the way the disease spreads so massively, affecting almost all people without exception.
Prophylaxis of transmission of herpes
So, herpes on the lips - is contagious or not, to usIt is known. It is contagious and very much so. More urgent issue is its prevention and its appropriateness. Why do you need prophylaxis, you ask, if everyone is infected with their virus?
For infants, prevention is extremely necessary,To prevent the worst course of the disease in infancy. For this, a sick mother is required to wear a gauze bandage whenever she approaches the baby (for feeding, swaddling). And always wash your hands to prevent the accumulation of contagious bacteria on them.
In other situations, prevention is also advisable, at least in order not to cause an exacerbation of the disease in others. For prevention, you should:
To treat herpes on the lips - the infectious period lasts exactly as long as ulcers persist. After that, you can no longer use antiviral drugs, limiting only wound-healing drugs for the treatment of herpes;
Avoid direct contact - approximately for 4-7 days it is necessary to forget about kisses and caresses at which the microbe affects mucous membranes of the partner;
Do not treat the wound with bare hands - always use cotton swabs to apply ointments. This is both convenient and hygienic;
to wash hands - the usual soap repeatedly reduces the risk of contamination of others from indirect contacts;
Use personal utensils, towels - Elementary rules of hygiene protect your loved ones from unpleasant sores on the lips.
Now you know the peculiarities of herpes on the lips - how many days it is contagious, how it is transmitted, how to prevent its spread. We hope that our advice will help you!
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