Pain in the breast called mastalgiey -it is a symptom that is sometimes worried about 2/3 women. As a rule, it occurs at a young age, when she is still in the reproductive state. However, in postmenopausal women can also be observed this condition. Why sore breasts? The nature of the symptom may be different: a reasonable physiological processes, hormonal disruptions, mechanical damage, the development of any disease. If you feel pain should see a doctor.
Why breast hurts
Mammary gland - the body, due to which the developmentresponsible sex hormones. This explains that any hormonal disorders can stimulate pain in the chest. Before menstruation female body tries to preserve the possibility of pregnancy during this period. It increases the level of hormones. For this reason, there is an inflammation of the mammary glands, whereby they increase continuously and ache. Symptom held immediately after the end of menstruation and breasts again become soft and have the same size.
If a woman in the middle of the cycle sore pectoralgland, when there is discomfort in the lower abdomen - this is due to the process, when hormones are removed egg. These pains disappear after ovulation. Hormones play an important role, providing a decisive influence on the function of the breast. If progesterone levels decrease along with an increase in the amount of estrogen, are developing different pathologies: cystic disease, breast cancer, breast cancer.
Natural causes pain
Why can hurt breast cancer? Mastalgiya divided into cyclic and non-cyclic. The first is related to the menstrual cycle, the second is not related to the physiological processes taking place in the female body. Non-cyclic pain often indicates damage (traumatizing) muscles, but a woman may feel that sore breast.
Cyclic pain usually cover bothbreast, and extending to the outer upper part. It is accompanied by symptoms such as: swelling, swelling, irritation ducts. And women talk about the feeling of fullness chest, though it has become more difficult. How to recognize:
- pronounced cyclical pain in the last week before menstruation;
- It occurs in 70% of women before menopause.
acyclic type pain often affects only onemammary gland, localizing to a particular location. Less common symptom is diffuse, affecting the entire breast up to the armpit area. This pain is described as burning. Generally, Non-Cyclical symptoms appear after the age of 40 years, and may occur in the cyclic period of from 30 to 40 years.
Teens 10-12 years often feel pain infield of breast - a sign of the beginning of sexual development. In this age of increasing the number of starts in the estrogen produced by the female body, the formation of secondary sexual characteristics, including breasts. Chest pain, because the prostate capsule begins to rapidly expand, as a consequence - the connective tissues do not have time to grow as quickly. There are a pain, because the breast is always in a choked condition. A sign of the beginning of sexual development are swollen nipples.
The reasons why women's breasts are sore,may be different. For example, to cause an unpleasant imbalance symptom capable of fatty acids in breast tissue, thereby increasing the sensitivity of cells to hormones. In addition, cyclic pain may be associated with oral contraceptives or hormonal drugs with which treat infertility. The cause of breast pain may serve as a receiving progesterone and estrogen. This explains why some women have breast pain, even in menopause, when they are forced to drink hormonal.
Cases of when the pain in dairyglands occurred because of antidepressants. If shoots and stabs in the chest, it is often associated with diseases of the circulatory system (problems with the coronary vessels). If you are experiencing stabbing sensation, immediately seek medical attention. The following are the most common reasons why women have sore breasts.
Lactation - a period of the formation of milk inwomen after childbirth to feed the baby. At the same time, many women breast increases by 1-2 size becomes severe (poured). During the first week of breastfeeding sore nipples and breasts. If your baby to breastfeed correctly on the nipple may appear cracks. This results in severe pain. Even if the pain does not go good attachment of the child, so this period should just wait.
This is a frequent occurrence when hurt before menstruationmammary gland. Symptom expressed not much, so do not bring serious discomfort a woman, but still have a negative impact on its overall health. The cause of breast pain is a surge of the hormone progesterone. Under his influence the breast increases slightly and begins to pull, and body aches. This symptom does not occur in all women, but only for those who suffer from other symptoms of PMS - a headache, sudden mood swings.
If chest pain when pressed - it may beconsequence of mechanical damage to the breast. The symptom often occurs after injury, intensive sports training, as a result of strong squeezing tight underwear and rough caresses during sex. In this case no special care or treatment of the breast does not require. Women should pay more attention to your body, to choose the right size lingerie and prevent excessive pressure on the mammary glands, warning partner.
If the breast is impossible to touch because of the sharppain may be a symptom of an inflammatory, infectious process occurring in the mammary gland. However, the woman is often fever, weakness occurs. In the presence of inflammatory pain is sometimes given to the blade, belly or armpits. They can be sharp, aching, or shoot. In addition, sometimes chest pain as a result of:
- thyroid disease;
- heart diseases;
- development of thoracic osteochondrosis;
- inflammation of shingles;
disease of the breast
Women appear Non-Cyclical pain oftendue to mastitis. This is a disease in which there are in the breast cystic growths. Mastopatia does not occur suddenly, but develops over the years. The reason for developing the disease are failures in hormonal levels, which were stimulated by:
- thyroid pathology;
- irregular sexual life and other factors.
The female breast violated physiologicalprocesses. Epithelial tissue begin to grow and compress the nerve processes. This becomes an obstacle to normal outflow of secretion in the mammary glands. During the pathogenic process is lobular breast deformity. In the presence of these symptoms should see a doctor immediately:
- On palpation and palpation of the breast woman finds solid seal (bumps).
- The pain appears as a burning sensation. There is bursting breasts.
- Sometimes there are slight tingling.
Fibroadenoma - tumor formation withform capsules with a clear outline. Cyst of breast is characterized by breast tenderness, fluid discharge from the nipples, the presence of seals. Upon confirmation of the diagnosis of the doctor prescribes surgery to remove tumors. Since cyst is generally benign, it does not disrupt the breast tissue and rarely develops into a cancer.
In the first stage the disease is notif symptoms persist. Later bumps (like cellulite) may appear on the site of the tumor. Pain in breast cancer are similar to those characteristic of mastitis. To prevent the disease, women should undergo regular mammography screening. Other symptoms of cancer are:
- flaking of the nipple;
- change its shape;
- discharge from the breasts;
- peeling of the skin;
- swollen lymph nodes;
- the appearance of nodules and seals.
To what doctor to go if chest pain
Discomfort in the chest - a reasonconsult a gynecologist, who will refer you to an endocrinologist or mammologist if necessary. Seek medical attention should be, if pain persists after menstruation. It is time to urgently to the doctor if the pain is severe and progressively increasing its level. If discomfort in one particular place, if it interferes with daily activities, or wear the usual clothes, too, need medical advice. Urgent call a doctor should be, if on a par with the other symptoms have increased body temperature.