During the month, almost every womanthere are blood clots. They are often accompanied by prolonged and painful bleeding, but doctors believe that it is normal. However, when women go out too strong clots during menstruation may be a symptom of gynecological diseases, and how to distinguish deviations from the norm, try to understand.
Why go clots during menstruation?
During the menstrual cycle, uterine wallthicken in preparation for fertilization. If, before the month is not a pregnancy occurs, the endometrium layer is torn away, accompanied by bleeding. During menstruation the body loses up to 250 ml of blood, but if the blood loss account for a greater volume, it is considered exceeding the norm. With strong secretions are formed blood clots, which are clots small in nature.
The causes of menstrual clots
If, during the month of forming a widethe number of large clots, this is an occasion to refer to a gynecologist. The doctor, after examination revealed the cause, because of possible pathologies can be several:
- bending of the uterus;
- blood clots;
- uterine fibroids;
- pelvic diseases;
- uterine malformation;
- hormonal imbalance;
- a bleeding disorder.
Myoma - a benign tumor, whichdevelops in violation of hormonal background. Because fibroids endometrial area increases, so the uterus is enlarged, and during heavy menstrual period are allocated clots, the patient concerned about pain during urination or defecation. disease peak in 35-50 years, and is usually diagnosed in women of reproductive age.
Usually fibroids gives pronounced symptoms anddetected during a medical examination. Bright signs indicate that the fibroids large size, because surgery is required. But there are some symptoms that should alert a woman:
- Long-term and heavy periods.
- Large blood clots with mucus.
- Pain in the lower back and lower abdomen.
- Violation of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract or urinary tract.
Large blood clots may causeendometriosis, when the endometrium lining the inner surface of the uterus, grows too strongly, hitting the internal organs. The cause of endometriosis become dense numerous abortions, iron deficiency, obesity, hormonal disorders or a genetic predisposition. Symptoms of endometriosis is so diverse that misleading and sometimes even the most experienced gynecologists. However, there are pronounced symptoms:
- symptoms of pain in the lumbar belt or the lower abdomen;
- during menstruation severe blood clots and disruption of the menstrual cycle;
- intoxication: vomiting, weakness, chills, and sometimes an increase in temperature.
The anomaly of the uterus
Heavy periods with clots occur,if a woman has a congenital malformation of the uterus. This disease occurs in 2% of women, and play a crucial role, whether they will be able to have children. Sometimes women with this pathology is possible to conceive and give birth, but pregnancy and childbirth are complications: abortions often occur at different stages. Abnormal uterine structure:
- full doubling.
Distributed saddle and the two-horned uterus. In the first case under the upper body portion has a convex arch, and into the bottom of the squeezed in which partitions are formed. When this anomaly bear fruit there is a possibility, but the walls are usually the cause of many problems. With regard to the two-horned body, then there are two cavities, connecting in the middle or near the cervix.
Inflammatory processes in small basins bodiesWomen comprise any combination of pelvic peritonitis, endometritis, tubo-ovarian abscess, or salpingitis. Usually these diseases are transmitted through sexual contact, but can also be formed by microorganisms of the vaginal microflora. Diagnosed inflammatory processes on the basis of complaints and clinical examination. The treatment is carried out with the use of conservative therapy, depending on the clinical form of the disease.
Violation of the blood coagulation system
coagulation system (blood clotting)activates the fibrinogen dissolved in the plasma and forms firbinnye thrombi in blood vessels, stopping any bleeding. Various diseases of blood vessels and lead to bleeding disorders that manifest themselves in the form of gratuitous bruising, do not stop bleeding in injuries or heavy menstruation with blood clots in women.
Hormonal imbalance in the body
The hormones produced by the ovaries, pituitary,adrenal glands, pancreas and thyroid. The totality of all the hormones responsible for women's health. If the body lacks any kind of hormones, then begin the following deviations:
- failure of the menstrual cycle, as well as blood clots and profuse discharge during menstruation;
- sudden weight loss, or vice versa, the extra weight;
- breast swelling;
- the development of tumors;
The reasons are many hormonal imbalances. For example, in adolescents is a temporary physiological process associated with the development of the organism. A female hormonal storms occur after childbirth, after a delay of menstruation or after a miscarriage during pregnancy, menopause or during breastfeeding. Also cause hormonal failure easily becomes poor diet, bad habits or chronic fatigue.
In some cases it is necessary to visit a doctor?
If you are planning a pregnancy, then clotsblood during menstruation should be a cause for concern. The appearance of clots says about the impossibility of the ovum to attach to the uterus. If during the month there were not just clumps, and aching pain in the abdomen - then you need to visit a gynecologist in any case: you are planning a pregnancy or not.
Treatment of gynecologic pathology suggestscorrect diagnosis. The survey includes MRI, pelvic ultrasound, and cytology laboratory. If nothing serious diagnosis does not show, then the doctor will prescribe iron supplements that will restore low levels of hemoglobin from blood loss during menstruation. In other cases, assigned either conservative treatment or surgery, especially if the situation started.