An allergic reaction to the type of angioedemacharacterized by rapid development. The first symptoms of the disease appear after a few minutes after exposure of human cells to the antigen. Delayed treatment of the syndrome may lead to serious consequences, in order to avoid that is available with the following material.
What is angioedema
Exposure to certain chemical and biologicalfactors on the body can trigger the development of allergy. Thus angioedema, or angioedema, considered the most dangerous manifestation of the immune response. The reason for that - a high risk of brain damage, the larynx. Experts, responding to a question, angioedema - that is, as a rule, try to give an exhaustive answer. As a result, the patient receives a highly voluminous information with great variety of complex medical terms. Meanwhile, with a simple explanation of this phenomenon reader is referred to hereinafter.
Quincke's syndrome occurs due to contactsensitized (sensitive) organism with an allergen. Edema thus develops due to increase vascular permeability, which is accompanied by release into the extracellular space of a large quantity of liquid.
Actually, this is due to the increase and different parts of the patient's body.
The first symptoms of angioedema
Signs of imminent allergy acceptedconsider the swelling of the mucous epithelium, tingling in any part of the body. At the same time, referring to the topic "Angioedema - Symptoms," experts caution that for each type of the disease is characterized by some special features. Given this fact, the doctors, in addition to the allergic nature of the disease, also secrete hereditary and acquired response to biological or chemical factors. Depending on whether a person has a certain type of disease, signs of angioedema may have the following character:
Inherited / Acquired
The beginning and duration of the reaction
Developed in 5-20 minutes. Coming off a few days later.
It occurs within 2-3 hours. It disappears in a few days.
Most of the swelling of the affected area of the neck, face, extremities, genitals.
Develops anywhere in the body.
Pale or slightly red dense edema, not forming pits after pressing.
Pale intense swelling, after pressing which is left fossa.
It is accompanied by urticaria, pruritus.
Not accompanied by urticaria.
Angioedema - Symptoms and Treatment in Children
Today the number of smallpatients hospitalized due to a severe allergic reaction is much higher than the number of adult patients. This fact is due to bad environmental conditions, and modern views of parents advocating for early weaning, the use of all possible means for child care on a chemical basis.
Angioedema children usually manifestedthe swelling face, lips, genitals, feet, and is not accompanied by urticaria. The most dangerous consequence is the spread of allergy syndrome in the area of the larynx. In this case the child is difficult speech, sore throat. The subsequent rapid progression of edema may result in the most severe conditions requiring emergency medical care. Less severe manifestations of the disease are eliminated through the use of home antihistamines as tablets or injections.
Angioedema - Symptoms and Treatment in Adults
The nature of the clinical manifestations of the disease are notIt depends on the age of the person suffering from an allergy. In adult patients have symptoms completely identical grounds illness in children. Meanwhile, it should be noted that in each syndrome history develops due to various causes, which are detected by laboratory tests. In addition, developing the theme of "Allergic angioedema - symptoms in adults," it is important to say that the workable part of the population often experiences symptoms of abdominal syndrome:
- uncontrollable vomiting;
- sharp pain in the abdomen;
Treatment of angioedema in adults moreIt differs from therapeutic measures used in the development of disease in children. The difference lies in the use of drugs with greater frequency and dosage. In a situation where the edema progresses, you should call an ambulance. Before coming professionals need to inject human injection prednisolone or dexamethasone, put him under the antihistamine language.
How to treat angioedema
From the point of view of medicine more absurdI believe that to cope with this disease can be, without the intervention of specialists. Nevertheless, the frequency of the search query "treatment, angioedema," proves the opposite. Population longer rely on their own brains, rather than medical. Consequently, it must be said that in severe cases of allergies (when swollen throat) a person is vital to get medical care in a timely manner. Ignoring this fact is fraught with serious consequences. In general, angioedema therapy may be accompanied by:
- Medication as antihistamines, hormonal drugs, diuretics, vitamins.
- The use of national resources;
- Surgical intervention - tracheostomy.
First aid for angioedema
Generally, allergies have a clear ideahow to stop syndrome. Self - and mutual assistance with angioedema is taking antihistamines. If there is progress of disease, the patient should be delivered in the near future from home hospital. In addition, medical directories, there are whole sections devoted to the topic "Angioedema - emergency care." However, to perform such a complex algorithm of actions only by ambulance or hospital staff. On what other action should be taken before the arrival of doctors, you can find below:
- Break contact with an allergen.
- Release the chest and neck of the patient from the garter dress and ornaments.
- In the absence of antihistamines need to fill in an adult or a child in your mouth 2-3 naftizina drop.
- Perform artificial respiration to the patient, if he lost consciousness.
Angioedema - treatment at home
In a situation where a small allergy affectedremote from the head area of the body, you can try to arrest the syndrome and at home. Experts, responding to the question, how to remove angioedema at home, advise patients at the first manifestations of the disease to take a warm bath with kelp extract. Against the background of the beneficial effects of algae on the receptors in the skin swelling goes after a couple of hours. At the same time, to prevent exacerbation of disease patients are encouraged to adhere to a special diet that excludes from the diet, the main allergens.
Angioedema - treatment of folk remedies
The experience of the older generation does not just help to copewith the most severe illnesses. Folk medical in "Angioedema, help" contain a large number of recipes you can use to quickly arrest the syndrome. However, before using any means necessarily need to check its components for allergenicity. Among the most effective methods to eliminate folk angioedema can be identified:
- Milk and soda. The well-known tool to combat sore throat can also be used to relieve allergy symptoms. In a glass of warm milk you want to add? h. l. soda. Drink healthy beverage is recommended throughout the day. Continue treatment until the swelling subsides and the patient will not look better.
- The infusion of nettle. 100 grams of dried herbs need to pour a glass of boiling water and leave the lid in a dark place for 2 hours. Ready means you must strain. Drink the infusion should be on? cup three times a day until complete disappearance of edema.