The liver - an important organ for humans. It removes toxins, produces proteins, fatty acids, vitamins, carbohydrates, cholesterol, glucose. albumin level in the blood indicates how well the liver to perform its functions.
What is albumin
Blood consists of yellowish liquid and uniformelements. Plasma comprises proteins cations minerals anions gaseous compounds and substances produced by organs. Doctors to evaluate the level of osmotic pressure, and liver function blood test administered albumin - what is it and what are the properties of matter, you will learn after reading the information below.
Albumin - a protein fraction, which occupies55-60% of the plasma. A high percentage of the element due to its functions. The substance supports the plasma pressure, affects the amount of blood moving, transporting vitamins and does not dissolve in water compound. The large protein molecules store up useful items consumed during fasting or blood loss.
This substance is produced by the liver andfills. Doctors prescribed for the treatment of serious diseases human albumin, which is synthesized from the plasma of healthy people. 20% solution of the substance increases the colloid osmotic pressure of 4 times, and intravascular pressure increased 2.5 times. The preparation required for plasma substitution, intravenous infusion.
Albumin - blood norm
The element has a uniform structure, because instead ofconsider the quality of its concentration. As they get older the blood albumin rate will vary. Paul on amount of protein is not affected. Analysis element for taking blood samples in conjunction with the liver. The normal protein are the following figures (grams per liter):
- children up to 14 years - 50-54;
- adults up to 60 years - 32-53;
- the elderly over 60 years old - 40-46.
Reducing or increasing the level of a protein associated withpathological processes taking place inside the body. K deficiency leads element burns, bleeding, infections, nephritis (high levels of the substance in the urine) and enhanced catabolism due to inflammation of internal organs. Cirrhosis of the liver, obesity, diabetes, vomiting, diarrhea, or blockage of blood vessels trigger increased protein production, and blood clots. Lowering protein diagnosed deliberate starvation.
The preparation was prepared from human blood plasma, andanimals. Albumin The drug gained notoriety in the form of a serum. Greater efficacy in the treatment of reduced pressure and removal of various critical states shows protein solution - is administered with a dropper. The feed rate of the drug is determined by the condition and age of the patient. The drug powder easily soluble in water. Combining with other medicines in the medicine can not be based on the protein.
The substance is a light brown oryellowish liquid. Albumin solution was prepared from human blood plasma by separating it into fractions. The drug is quickly raises blood pressure, restores blood circulation, the plasma pressure. After adding the solution, the quantity of tissue fluid increases the bloodstream, which leads to better absorption of drugs. Enter the means of intravenous injections every 10-12 hours.
This form of the drug has reducedefficiency. Tablets Albumin is used to treat anemia, anemia and as a means of stabilization of pressure in elderly patients. Reduced effectiveness of the tablets due to the resistance of the membrane of red blood cells. Medicines solid dosage split duodenum by 50 percent. One tablet contains auxiliary agents for accelerating uptake element.
Albumin food black
Hematogen began to produce Sovietpharmaceutical plants in 1930. The taste of the drug resembles the famous candy "Iris". According to the instructions of its composition contains albumin black, mixed with condensed milk and sugar syrup. In nature, a large number of items are stored egg whites, beef and potatoes. It means different low price, so it is indicated for the prevention of anemia. To increase the therapeutic effect of hematogen its composition enriched with ferrous sulfate.
Food albumin prepared from the blood of a largecattle held degreasing procedures. To stabilize the elements used polyphosphates. The substance comprises amino acids, carbohydrates and fats. The downside is the large bovine protein allergen content in red blood cells of animals. With prolonged use of funds in adults appear itching, swelling, skin rash. Adding medication to the daily diet can be only on doctor's advice.
Albumin - indications for use
The drug is prescribed, if the patient is diagnosed with anemia, anemia, gastritis, stomach ulcers and other gastrointestinal diseases. Indications for use of albumin:
- operations maintenance of cardiopulmonary bypass;
- acute blood loss;
- brain edema;
- liver disease;
- plasmapheresis and other extracorporeal procedures;
- kidney disease;
- Serum blood pressure below 15 mm Hg .;
- pregnancy (on doctor's advice);
- pyo-septic diseases.
albumin substance should be with cautionuse in patients with arterial hypertension, heart or kidney failure. Do not use the drug if a person has an increased sensitivity to the protein, thrombosis, pulmonary edema, increased blood volume / plasma. According to the instructions the drug should not be mixed with solutions of amino acids, protein mixtures based on hydrolysis, alcohol-containing medicines.