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Adenovirus infection in children and adults - causes. Symptoms, treatment and prevention of adenovirus infection

The concept (B34.0, code of ICD-10) was proposed in 1956 by scientists Enders and Francis. Since then it has become a part of medicine, and is used to this day. This type of disease affects mainly children and young people. If the diagnosis is made quickly and assigned quality treatment, the negative consequences can be avoided.

What adenoviral infection?

At its core, adenoviral diseases area subspecies of SARS. In the role of agent act viruses containing DNA. The disease makes itself felt primarily in the cold season, it affects the mucous membranes of the respiratory and ocular systems, intestines. In a study of the question, what is an adenovirus, it is appropriate term "pharyngoconjunctival fever."

Adenovirus infection - symptoms

In children and adults, symptoms of adenovirus infection appear about the same. The disease is characterized by:

  • headache;
  • cough;
  • dyspnea;
  • stinging and pain in the eyes, inflammation, excessive mucous discharge;
  • intoxication;
  • pharyngoconjunctival fever;
  • chills;
  • diarrhea;
  • discomfort in the area of ​​the navel (mainly occur paroxysmal pain);
  • aching in the bones (in the right iliac region);
  • nasolabial swelling of the sinuses;
  • fever;
  • swollen lymph nodes;
  • conjunctivitis.

In infants against the backdrop of a fever maydevelop seizures, stop attacks which, in order to avoid complications, it is necessary immediately. At this age, symptomatic picture is not too pronounced, therefore, indicate a need to show the child specialist can bowel dysfunction, and fever.

Laringofaringotraheit

Against the background of the progression of the infection beginslaringofaringotraheit larynx or loss up to the bronchi. It is characterized by: a dry "barking" cough, constant wheezing on breathing in and out, cyanosis of nasolabial triangle, shortness of breath and voice siplost. If time does not begin treatment, the primary disease will grow into a lasting bronchitis, sometimes chronic type.

Adenovirus infection of the eye

Adenovirus infection can be caused by eyeadenovirus virus types. The disease is transmitted through airborne droplets or by poor personal hygiene. The main signs of the presence of adenovirus infection are:

  • intolerance to bright sunlight;
  • profuse watery eyes;
  • redness of the eye;
  • itching, burning;
  • the feeling of being in the eye is a foreign body.

Adenovirus infection affects one eyevisual organ, and soon (in the absence of proper treatment) triggers the development of complications. The most common of these are bacterial or allergic conjunctivitis and dry eye syndrome. The disease often becomes chronic congestive finally cure that will be much more difficult.

Rash with adenovirus infection

Such symptoms as nutsedge with adenovirusinfection manifests itself mainly in infants. Initially, the rash affects the face, gradually spreading throughout the body. Rash extends to several weeks if not subjected to mechanical stress inflammation beyond their traces remain. Accelerate the disappearance of adenoviral papules help hydrocortisone ointment, which has anti-inflammatory effects. An alternative to it can serve as prednisolone ointment, gives similar results, but based on a different active substance.

Adenovirus pneumonia

Acute adenoviral pneumonia suggestsprogression in the patient's infection of the same name, which is attached to the secondary bacterial flora. The originator has more than 40 varieties, affecting patients of different age groups. Worst of all due to the lack of immunity disease carry children under 5 years of age. Sent such pneumonia airborne and fecal-oral route.

Sore throat and conjunctivitis at the same time

Viral sore throat and conjunctivitis at the same timeIt is very common, if airway disease provokes adenovirus.Zdes important to work on a complex problem, eliminating not only the symptomatic picture, but also the pathogen. For these purposes, perfectly suited polyionic crystalloid solutions, antihistamines and antibiotics taken by a doctor strictly defined scheme. Otherwise, the likelihood is high that the conjunctivitis will pass into a chronic form.

Acute rinofaringotonzillit

Clinically acute upper rinofaringotonzillitbacterial practically does not differ from its viral equivalent. Similarly, the shape will help diagnose the swab from the throat. Its results will form the clinical picture of the patient and prescribe effective treatment. The incubation period lasts from one day to two weeks, after this clinic disease manifests itself fully.

Adenovirus infection - Diagnosis

The disease has characteristic symptoms,so doctors can make a diagnosis based on clinical manifestations of the visible and the patient's complaints. If there is an atypical course of infection, in addition, in order to detect antibodies, differential diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis. During seasonal epidemics of adenovirus infection diagnosis is carried out using the method of virological research. The sample is flush with the mucosa of the nasopharynx.

Adenovirus infection - Treatment

Often the treatment of adenovirus infectionIt is carried out in the usual home for the patient and does not require hospitalization. The exception is a serious current or sudden occurrence of complications. Specific methods of treatment has not yet been developed, and the classic antiviral drugs do not bring the proper result. Patients received only symptomatic agents.

Adenovirus infection in children

Proper treatment - adenoviral infection inbaby assumes complications - it is obligatory recourse to the pediatrician. After an initial examination of the little patient, the doctor will choose the right not only basic products but also age the dosage of each of them. Quickly overcome adenovirus in children without any further complications will help to:

  • Bed rest. In young children against the background of high temperature and fever may develop seizures. For these purposes in the medicine cabinet parents must be effective for a particular patient antipyretics.
  • The fight against cough. Ensure expectoration with infection are called mucolytic agents. In the control of the adenovirus dry cough is better to use folk remedies: milk with the addition of baking soda, mineral water alkaline type. Very happy to be a child to drink fruit juice.
  • Regular eye treatment. To eliminate the effects of conjunctival inflammation apply a weak solution of potassium permanganate or furatsilina. The need to overcome the adenoviral infection of the sclera help and eye drops, which should be used by the designated doctor scheme.
  • Treatment of the common cold. Vasoconstrictive drops necessarily apply, however, take this medication should not be more than 5 days. For this purpose, suitable DNase solution or his fellow - sulfacyl sodium solution.

Adenovirus infection in adults - treatment

According to the principle effects of the treatment of adenovirusinfection in adults is not too different from the children's version. The problem lies in the fact that an adult less responsible approach to the preservation of health, so often go to the doctor with advanced. In this case, it is assigned an antibiotic that stops the spread of the virus and prevent the development of complications of the infection. As a child, an adult should stay in bed until the temperature has not yet normalized. Venture out as possible after the disappearance of symptomatic manifestations of infection.

Than to treat adenovirus infection?

Traditional medicine suggestsmedical treatment, which gives a guaranteed positive result. However, patients are increasingly paying attention to people's non-traditional means of treating the infection, they completely replace classic drugs. With the help of herbs and concoctions can relieve symptoms and speed up the healing process of a few. only medicines can compete adenoid virus. Traditional medicine can be used as a support, but the final decision how to treat adenovirus infection, the doctor receives.

Antivirals during adenovirus infection

Effective antiviral drugs whenadenovirus infection presently exist in a small amount, so rarely prescribe them. The exception to the rule might be a medication from the group of recombinant interferons protect healthy cells from penetration of the virus. In addition, they improve the immune system cells, helping them to quickly detect the virus and actively fight it. In combination with other anti-virals drugs help prevent the development of complications.

Antibiotics for adenovirus infection

Traditionally antibiotics when used in adenoviral infection:

  • no improvement of more than 3 days;
  • joining secondary microflora.

It is perfect for this purpose and the localbroad-spectrum antibiotic, is successfully used in combination with an antiviral agent, and its equivalent system, the basis of which often lie colloidal solutions. The essential disadvantage of the latter is the fact that this antibiotic involves only intramuscular or intravenous administration. This makes the use of drugs, carrying out the treatment of adenovirus, it is very problematic for children.

Adenovirus infection in pregnancy

No adverse effects of adenovirus infection in pregnancy can be many:

  • miscarriage;
  • pathology;
  • premature birth;
  • fetal growth retardation.

The percentage of abnormalities in the development of not yet bornthe baby is small, so the expectant mother is not to panic, and immediately seek help from a health worker. The most dangerous is the first trimester of pregnancy, when even minor infections, including adenoid virus can cause complications. However, prescribing the right complex and vitamins reduce this probability to a minimum.

Complications of adenovirus infection

Traditionally, the adenoid and the virus goes unnoticedIt does not cause any effect. When complications are simply appointed by the stronger drugs and detoxification therapy. However, if the wrong treatment of the patient may be disturbed:

  • angina;
  • mesadenitis;
  • muscle pain;
  • pneumonia;
  • hyperplasia of lymphoid tissue of the intestine;
  • joint pain;
  • immunosuppression;
  • conjunctival hyperemia;
  • exacerbation of chronic diseases, etc.

To help avoid complications and be able to correctprevention. In the cold season, when the body is particularly vulnerable adult and child should include in their diet vitamins-containing products. In addition, during epidemics is important to avoid crowded places. Respiratory virus in waves, so the peak incidence occurs several times per season.

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