When the house comes baby, new parents need to learn a lot. Such a seemingly simple things like changing diapers, bathing, or cause new parents have many questions.
How to change the diapers of infants
Proper use of disposable diapers.Diapers should first buy in small quantities, to check whether it would be the crumbs of allergies and whether it will suit the model. Change diapers newborn baby first months of life should be every 2.5-3 hours (night time is no exception), or whenever the baby urinated or defecated.
If the boy does not matter, how to shootdiaper, then the girls, due to the structural features of the genital organs, it is important to observe the following recommendations. With girls diaper, especially after a bowel movement, the movement should be removed from the pubis to the anus (rectum), opening his zipper side, that there is less risk to place the feces in the vaginal area. Then, the child should be undercut under running water using baby soap and baby if only to help - just water.
When podmyvanii boy can be placed on the handbelly down, and the girl - belly up to a stream of water dripping from front to back. Then the baby's buttocks and legs should be wet with a clean towel or diaper and place on a flat surface for putting on the diaper. If possible, the desired intake air baths, the skin in the perineum can "breathe."
Before putting on the diaper, if childthere is redness, you can handle folds (inguinal and gluteal) cream "under the diaper" (which is so marked, you can see on the packaging). If the umbilical wound has not yet healed, before putting on the diaper, it is necessary to tuck its top front edge, so as not to injure the wound. Many manufacturers of diapers took care of it, making the models for babies cutout on the diaper in pupochka.
If there is no possibility of substitution of the child before the changediaper (for example, in the clinic) can take advantage of special baby wipes. However, their use should not be systematic: they may not be as thorough as caving, peel skin from urine and feces.
Care for babies: how to wash my baby
Daily treatment - washing, cleaning and noseears. Often, these procedures cause difficulties for young parents: the first few times the baby may protest against hygiene and mom or dad are afraid that will hurt crumbs. In fact, these actions when performed correctly, is safe and simple. Let's start with the preparations. You will need:
· A bowl of boiled water at room temperature (22-25 ° C);
· Cotton balls, which can be rolled up from the usual sterile cotton wool, or cotton pads ready;
· Cotton flagella also rolled out the usual sterile cotton wool (roll the ball of wool between your fingers, it turns a kind of a spindle, this is the flagellum);
· Saline nasal drops (akvamaris, AKVALOR or saline (0.9% sodium chloride solution);
· Small dirt tank.
We wash the baby properly.
To make the procedure pleasant for the child,is located in a warm room (air temperature 20-22 ° C) and place the baby on a flat surface (for example, changing table), place everything you need within arm's reach, would not depart from the crumbs.
Take a cotton ball or cotton ball, soak it in boiled water and wipe the baby's eyes from the outer corner to the inside: this motion prevents the entry of infection.
For the second eye, repeat the procedure for otherbead or disc. No need to rub the child's eyes, if they have a discharge. Just wipe them with a wet multi-balls as long as the eyes are clean. At the end of the procedure, wipe the entire face another kid with a cotton pad soaked in boiled water.
How to clean baby's nose
If the nasal passage crumbs crust has tosoak them and moisten the mucous membrane, drip into each nostril 2-4 drops of saline drops (a drop in the sea water based) or saline. Wait 30-60 seconds. Then take a cotton flagellum and screw movement enter into the nostril baby about 1-1.5 cm: it helps to remove mucus and crusts. For the second nostril do the same the other flagellum. If crusts have a child in the spout provisionally instillation of saline solution is not necessary. To clean the nose is unacceptable to use cotton swabs they can injure the delicate nasal mucosa, as kids can not lie still during the procedure and can twist the head.
While the child may begin to sneeze procedure. This is not harmful: so he clears mucus from the nose or soggy crusts. Just wipe the mucus flowing from the nose with a clean cloth or a soft disposable paper handkerchiefs. Also you can use a vacuum to clean the nose.
How to clean baby ears
It is necessary to moisten a cotton ball in boiling waterand wipe the outer ear, all curls and the entrance area of the ear canal. At the end of the procedure to wipe the area and folds behind ears. If there is skin is too dry, it is permissible to grease her baby cream.
Do not use cotton swabs to clean: they can injure the ear canal remains. In addition, we should not seek to deeply clean your hearing prohod.Sera in the eye is constantly moving due to cilia out of the ear canal and is protective, not allowing microbes to penetrate the ear. Therefore, to clean it from the depths of the passage is not necessary. After the water treatments can be slightly wet skin with a soft cotton cloth.
How to bathe a baby
Bathing. Leather baby is the largest organ allocation and metabolism, so it is extremely important to keep in constant chistote.Krohu need to bathe daily, and in hot weather or excessive sweating baby - even twice a day. Bathing time is chosen so that the child was in a good mood, after 45-60 minutes after eating. Many parents bathe the baby before going to bed, it is permissible to do it in the morning, after feeding.
The first few days, before the umbilical wound healing,the baby should be bathed in boiled water or water with a little pink solution, and then - in the usual warm vode.Rastvor manganese is recommended to prepare in advance, dissolved in 1 liter of water for several manganese crystals. It turns a saturated solution, which gradually pour in the tub until the water slightly pink coloration. Strain the solution through a bandage, folded in several layers. This is necessary in order to avoid skin burn delicate crumbs crystal of poorly soluble manganese (this can happen if the solution is prepared directly in the bath). The remaining concentrated solution is stored until the next bathing in the refrigerator with the lid tightly closed.
Water temperature is selected so that yourback of the hand was comfortable; typically 36-38 ° C. Once a week, the procedure was carried out using soap or shampoo for children, and take regular water for daily bathing. More frequent bathing with soap and water is not recommended because any soap washes the protective lipid film of the skin and dries it. Adding herbs, especially succession, chamomile or oak bark, used only on the recommendation of a pediatrician. Independent of their use is not recommended, as they are very dry skin, which can lead to irritation. Once or twice a week, you need to wash the baby's head with shampoo or a special foam for children, and the rest of the head is enough to wash under running water while swimming.
After bathing, it is recommended to throw the baby outscoop or a jug of water a slightly lower temperature: it is an element of hardening and stimulates the metabolism. Then you need to wrap the crumbs in a bath towel, wet skin and hair, and put on clean clothes.
Up to 3-6 months is not recommendednormal "adult" tub for bathing the baby - to bathe the child better in the special children's bath. This is necessary not only for hygienic purposes but also for the security of the crumbs, because in the adult bath is not possible to fix the special hill for bathing, which supports the head and shoulders of the child, preventing it from slipping into the water (and from mother hand supporting the baby's head while swimming , it can easily slip off).
Baby bath can be placed in the bathroom orchildren's room so that mom or dad were in a comfortable position; it can provide special supports for children's baths. As has been said, it is now sold special slides for swimming, aligning in a baby bath. These slides support in the raised position of the head and shoulders of the child, which prevents it from slipping into the water and keep both hands free for bathing parent crumbs. In any case, you can not leave your child alone in the bath for a second, even if it is located on a hill.
How to process umbilical wound with a baby
Treatment of umbilical wound.Over the umbilical wound should be properly looked after, and then it will heal in time, up to 10-14 days. How to do it, tell my mom usually still in the hospital, with the help of the children's mother nurses the first few times handles navel baby. Houses wound treated until it is completely healed. Usually, this procedure is carried out twice a day - in the morning after waking up and in the evening after swimming.
You will need:
· A hydrogen peroxide solution;
· Brilliant green solution or an alcohol solution hlorofillipta
· A small container under the waste.
Put everything you need in advance at the place where the processing, at arm's length, so leaving a baby and can not otvorachivatsyaot it will be held.
It is necessary to moisten a cotton swab in the solutionhydrogen peroxide and thoroughly soak up all the brown sizzling sound stops and the lack of bubbles. So by cleaning the wound from germs and dead cells that form the crust, and the skin in the area of the umbilical wound becomes available oxygen. Forcibly crust is better not to separate. After using the peroxide should be wet navel dry cotton swab. After this process the umbilical wound and the area around it with a solution or an alcoholic solution of brilliant green hlorofillipta. Equip clothes and diaper, take care, to gum or a piece of clothing is not rubbing on the navel and do not injure the wound. Navel plaster patching or overlay on the navel variety of dressings are not recommended: skin needs to "breathe", then the wound will heal quickly.
How to care for baby hair
Hair Care & fontanel baby. Many parents are concerned about the issue: Does not hurt to comb and wash the baby's head fontanel? Can I touch it?
SPRING - a connective membrane onthe junction of the skull bones; He is strong enough, it can not damage the normal procedures. Large fontanelle is in the benevolent: it is formed at the junction of the two parietal and frontal bones. The rear, or a small, soft spot is formed at the junction of the parietal and occipital bones. Typically, small fontanelle is closed to the birth or in the first weeks of life, and the great fontanelle closed in an average of 12 months. No special care is not required fontanelle.
For hairs baby care is not difficult: You can comb them with special brushes with soft bristles. Combs and hairbrushes adults are not recommended; they can injure the delicate skin of the head crumbs.
If a child has a tendency to allergies, tothe head may appear dairy cover - gray-yellow education temechko growing ones hair. Previously, the recommendation was common schesyvat these crusts, macerating oil. Now it is proved that such procedures only injure the irritation and inflammation of the skin under the crust, causing them to re-education even more. Therefore, the crust just removed when washing the head with light massaging movements. To do this, when applied to shampoo your hair with fingertips easily rub the place crust, then a part of crusts razmoknet and descend. Forced to strip off or comb them is not necessary. Crusts gradually descend to 9-10 months.
How to cut your nails infants
Mowing marigold baby. Many parents are afraid to cut your nails at first child, but it should be done after discharge from the hospital on a regular basis, since they grow much faster than adults. In addition, when the kid handles movement can injure themselves nails, so they should be cut short once a week. The technique is slightly different nail clippers on the fingers and toes, and performs a procedure only special children not scissors with rounded ends.
On hand to cut through nails claw growth, with rounding according uglam.Esli on fingers formed burrs, they carefully cut with scissors iobrabatyvayut solution of hydrogen peroxide.
On her feet nails are often traumatized bymotor activity, and for the prevention of ingrown nail corners and breaking off it is recommended to cut nails in a straight line, not undercutting the corners. In the case of redness in the claw or ingrown part of the nail in the skin after a bath is recommended to gently push back the skin of the nail wooden spatula for manicure and treat redness hydrogen peroxide. In addition, the need to regularly handle the kid scissors: they can be parboiled or carefully wipe all the parts of alcohol solution.