Mom, have given birth to their first child, sometimeslocated in terrible confusion: preparing for the appearance of the baby and care for them cause so many questions that simply do not know where to go and what to do. Anxiety and despair here to nothing, because the reasons for the experiences at the new parents have enough. This article contains basic rules and tips on caring for a newborn, so it can be safely used as a guideline for all the concerns of parents matters.
What kind of clothes to buy for a newborn baby
There is a superstition that buying something is notI can not birth, so some mothers do not prepare specially clothes and crib baby. It's just superstition. For future parents and all family members a real pleasure - go shopping, picking tiny hats and vests. Expectant mother preparing "dowry" helps set for an early motherhood. In addition, when a child is born, there is such turmoil that easy to choose, wash and put in piles of stuff for the baby will be simply impossible. So what should you prepare for the appearance of the crumbs into the light:
napkins (In total, they need about 20-25. The ratio of fine and warm diaper determined on the basis of what, at what time of the year to be born baby. By the way, very comfortable knitted diapers: they are very soft, good stretch and wrap around the body).
Blouse or body (Undershirts without fasteners are no longer relevant, because they are not comfortable. It is best to buy several blouses on a button or tie and a few body).
The pool jumpsuit (Insulated overalls for the first time enough for one, but you can buy a few thin).
Caps (preferred knit hats without laces. Enough 2 thin and one warm).
Socks (Soft knit socks come in handy even in the warmer months. It is safe to buy 4-5 pairs).
Warm woolen blanket.
Flannelette blanket or rug.
I do not buy that you can leave for later, and whenthe need to charge their grandmothers. These include, for example, mittens - antitsarapki. Not all kids resist trimming nails, so gloves may not be useful. Another purchase of this series - cushion. Infants under one year can sleep without a pillow, using instead a folded diaper.
First aid kit for a newborn baby, what to buy
Baby oil for the treatment of wrinkles, baby cream;
Eyedropper, hydrogen peroxide, an antiseptic for processing umbilical wound;
Zinc ointment of rashes and chafing;
Herbs for swimming, potassium permanganate;
Venting tube, hot water bottle with cherry pits, carminative preparations in case of colic;
Wet wipes, cotton pads, sterile cotton, means for washing the nose - for hygienic procedures.
Antipyretic (better in candlelight), antihistamine.
Absorbing diapers and diapers for newborns.
According to the situation you can purchase a cream for diaper powder.
What to buy in the hospital for a young mother
After discharge from the hospital my mother, too, will need a few things that need to be bought in advance:
Cream of the cracks on the nipple.
Absorbent pads for the chest.
Comfortable underwear for feeding.
Sanitary napkins (or postpartum special or conventional, but with maximum absorbency).
Postpartum band (for a better recovery of the abdominal muscles).
Covers for breast feeding (for what they are and why).
Breast Pump (how to select and decant).
If in everyday terms to the emergence of all ready - it's time to understand and master the basic procedures that the young mother will have to perform on a daily basis and more than once.
Morning toilet: my eyes, clean the spout baby
The morning toilet - this is an analogue of our with youwashing. Prepare a small bowl of warm boiled water, sterile cotton pads and cotton. Eyes wipe the cotton pad soaked with water, making movement from the outer edge to the inner eye. Then, in each nostril bury 1-2 drops of special drops for nasal lavage (you can use saline). We are waiting for a few minutes, until the crust is slightly melted. At this time, we twist the fleece of small flagella and gently cleanse their nose, making a circular motion. It can not be too deep to shove flagellum. The same flagella clean ears. Remember that a newborn child to hold the toilet of the nose and ears can only cotton flagella. Baby cotton sticks with limiters are designed for children from 1 year.
In the morning be sure to handle the umbilical wound. For this clean pipette drip into the wound a few drops of hydrogen peroxide. Peroxide begins to foam, separating crust and "introducing" them to the surface. These crusts remove clean cotton swab, and then another stick put on the wound with antiseptic.
How to wear a diaper baby
Change diapers baby fallsabout 10 times a day: the child should not be in the same diaper longer than 3-4 hours, and in addition, you need to change a diaper every time after the baby defecated. The second point, the need to carry out, even at night, because the stool is not absorbed by the diaper and highly irritating to the skin.
Before changing the diaper the baby should be undercut. If he defecated - with soap and water - if not, hot water from the tap (if there is no possibility of substitution - to wipe wet wipes). If there is irritation - can be applied to the skin under the diaper cream, if not - just to give your skin dry.
Be sure to take care umbilical wound and monitorto ensure that it does not buckle diaper rubbing. There are special diapers for babies, in which recess at the navel. If you use any other - is folded edge of the diaper or cover your belly button with a piece of sterile bandage.
How to feed a newborn baby
Feed the child should be the first requirement. This means that for every cry and worry mom offers the kid's chest. Being at the breast the baby can as long as it will not release itself. To interfere with this process and try to adjust the time-sucking is not: nature and instincts "smarter" our mind, the child himself knows how much and how often it needs to suckle.
How to clean a newborn baby
Bathe your baby need every day. The water temperature for bathing should be about 37 degrees, but here it is better to focus on the child: someone calmer behaved in cooler water, someone in the warmer.
Boil the water for swimming, as it did before,It is not recommended, but as long as the umbilical wound is healed, it is better to add water manganese - it acts as an antiseptic. A solution of potassium permanganate should be pale pink. After healing of the wound, if there are problems with the skin - you can bathe your baby in the grass.
better to use a small newbornbath. For the first bathing can wrap the crumbs in the diaper so that it is not scared of water. Wash the baby with soap and other means can be 2-3 times a week, and the rest of the cost of water. When bathing do not forget to wash the head. At the end of swimming for hardening can throw the baby feet with cool water.
After bathing the baby should be carefully wrapped in a warm towel or diaper. The head also need to cover up.
How to put a baby to sleep
Most babies sleep is to breastfeed. You can lull the baby in her arms, then gently shift it in a crib. Experience of mothers shows that babies sleep better swaddle: because of their own movements do not cause them any concern, they are not afraid of their own handles or legs. By the way, better to buy a newborn baby bassinet, crib instead. Limited space more comfortable for the baby, rather than a large bed.
The room before going to bed be sure to ventilate. It is believed that the optimum temperature for the room where the baby sleeps - about 20 degrees.
Stack crumbs to sleep on your back you can not - in a dreambaby can vomit and choke on vomit. The baby did not rolled over on his back, put him on the flank, prop it back a little cushion or folded blanket. Pose sleeping baby needs to be changed periodically, shifting it from one side to the other. This is in order not to deform the skull.
What to do if the baby spits up
The child vomits
Regurgitation - this is a consequence of underdevelopmentdigestive system and a special children's mechanism of "struggle" with overeating. As a precaution, make sure that the baby correctly captured chest (so he does not swallow too much air), and keep it "column" after feeding. In general, regurgitation or slightly dangerous. At the rate of 1 every day the child may even vomit "fountain". If this happens often and regurgitation lasts longer than 6 months - need to see a neurologist
What to do if a child sucks his thumb
Sucking fingers - manifestation suckingreflex, typical for babies. The first thing to do - offer your baby the breast: it is possible, he is hungry. Thumb sucking may be a manifestation of the stress response: the baby sucks, to calm down. In any case, it can not be ignored. Try to understand the cause and fix it.
How to deal with the baby, so as not to scare him
Newborn babies are very specifically reactto sounds: a monotonous hum of a vacuum cleaner baby can sleep, but the sudden loud sounds very frightening crumb. Surround your baby silence does not necessarily, but the child was not scared, you need to avoid sharp sounds.
In general, all the movements and actions of mothers should besmooth. The kid can be very frightened when bathing him sharply immersed in water, or if it is abruptly put on the changing table. As long as the child is not adapted - everything that surrounds it in the "big world", can cause alarm, so caution is necessary in everything.
What if the baby appeared irritation
With this nuisance faced by almost all mothers. Red brown and severe irritation occur when skin comes into contact with the baby for a long time moisture.
Irritated skin needs healing andmoistening. Constantly wash away the baby with soap and water is not necessary when diaper rash: Soap very dry skin, and only adds to the feeling of discomfort. It is necessary to wash away the baby with water, and then lubricate the irritated spot oil or healing baby cream. Be sure to arrange air baths, that is, leave the kid just naked, without diapers and diaper. In the evening you can use the bathing herbs (chamomile, series) - they, too, have a healing effect.