Birthmarks are on almost every bodyhuman. All of them are different in color, shape and type, can be located in the most unexpected places. Some people up to a certain point are not even aware of the existence at birthmark.
Where did they come from?
Birthmark - This change clearlylimited area of the skin that is different from the surrounding tissue by its color and texture. They come in a variety of colors ranging from light pink to dark and brown.
In most cases, people are born with them, but sometimes they appear, or appear more clearly as adults.
Despite its seeming harmlessness of thesedarkening or reddening of the skin can create some discomfort. In addition, there is always the danger that such a "mark" will begin to grow and "reborn" into something threatening the health and lives. Most discomfort delivers a birthmark on his face, which is not possible in any way to disguise.
How can that be, if such a "mark" on the face does not give peace and live a full life, and whether it is possible to get rid of it?
Share this neoplasm and are separated on two types: conventional and vascular nevi.
Common nevi - is a browncolor (from light to almost black) in most cases having a smooth surface. They can be flat or slightly raised above the skin surface, often have scalp.
A lot of people live quite happily alllife with such birthmarks that do not cause any physical discomfort. However, to leave them without attention is not necessary, for them it is necessary to observe and at the slightest change in their structure or color seek medical advice.
Common nevi do not require any treatment and disposal, unless they are located in places of constant irritation and trauma due to the risk of infection and rebirth in melanoma.
Vascular "marks" - a red spot,burgundy or wine-colored, is a collection of small blood vessels. Most often, the bright red of Education a few stand out above the surface of the skin, and wine - perfectly flat and indistinguishable to the touch.
Develop into melanoma they can not, as well asordinary brown tumors do not require treatment. However, they are trying to remove, to improve the appearance, especially if it is a large and noticeable birthmark located on the face.
There are three types of vascular nevus:
- hemangioma - vascular lesions, bright red birthmark most often on the face or head;
- "Wine birthmark" or "flaming" nevus;
- one large or many small moles salmon color.
"Wine stains" consist of arachnidsblood vessels in the skin, they are flat and indistinguishable to the touch. Such nevi grow together with the growth of the person and never alone does not disappear. Surgical removal is almost impossible, particularly if large dimensions nevus.
Hemangioma - red birthmark that appears on the face usually just a few weeks after birth until one year of age.
Close to two years hemangioma begins to fade andgradually approaching its color shade normal skin, to six years it becomes almost invisible, and nine disappeared without a trace. By their nature, these nevi are harmless, but once the new growth has appeared, it requires constant monitoring.
Salmon birthmarks - most oftencommon type nevus newborn. they are usually located on the back of the head and neck from behind, do not need treatment and are alone during the first year of life.
Scientific research biologists, physicists and physicians have made it possible to treat many previously untreatable diseases, which include and birthmarks on the face, head, neck and other body parts.
Today, the dream of many people who haveto live with these cosmetic defects can become a reality. Remove ordinary birthmark on the face or other parts of the body without any unpleasant consequences and residual cosmetic defects will help the latest technology in medicine - little traumatic and painless operations performed with a laser.
Such treatment is carried out in special medical centers by highly qualified doctors in the modern, reliable equipment.
The advantages of using this method, which is most popular at present, are:
- painless and less traumatic;
- high efficiency;
- selective effect and the small diameter of the laser beam;
- high pointing accuracy, allowing to avoid damage to the surrounding areas;
- rapid recovery after surgery;
- the short duration of the operation;
- complete absence of bleeding.
On average, the rehabilitation period is 10 days. No severe restrictions at this time is not required, it is only necessary to eliminate exposure to the sun.
The main disadvantage of laser techniques - impossibilitysending remote nevus on histology. Therefore, the use of this method is only allowed on condition that the non-cancerous nature of education and confirmed by analyzes.