The curvature of the teeth on a scientific calleddentition deformity or abnormality. Many people find this a problem, ashamed of their smile, others, on the contrary, it says that it is their highlight. Problems in this area involved the orthodontist. All activities aimed at leveling, held in conjunction with the dentist as to correct the anomalies of this kind is possible only after the elimination of all kinds of diseases of the oral cavity.
Why do some people's teeth grow crooked?
There are several reasons that lead tothis phenomenon. Most often this happens in childhood. However, the physician still may not reliably tell what causes deformation.
Why it happens:
- Lack of stimulation of growth of teeth. This happens in infancy with breastfeeding when the nipple hole is quite large;
- Bad habits: thumb sucking, biting his lips. They can lead to nesmykaniyu jaws and lengthening of the upper jaw in relation to the bottom;
- Nibble pens and pencils. This habit occurs in children 5-7 years of age who are preparing for the school;
- Heredity. If parents have problems of this kind, something similar can be observed in their children;
- The lack of solid foods during childhood. Solid food contributes to blurring of primary teeth and contributes to proper formation of permanent teeth;
- Shortened frenulum tongue or lips. The pathology leads to a defective chewing food, speech disorders, peel the gum;
- It is necessary to treat milk teeth. Premature hair loss or decomposition leads to the fact that permanent teeth grow crooked;
- Rickets and a number of other disorders of the musculoskeletal system. After the teeth - the bones, so in case of violation of the locomotor system, and they suffer;
- Bad habits mother during pregnancy. These include smoking, alcohol, chemical vapor inhalation and stresses.
How can I fix crooked teeth?
The specialists of this sphere are divided in opinion, when you can begin to correct this kind of problem.
In children, the last permanent teeth eruptrather late - around 12 years of age. The full number of the formation will take a few more years. The final "bite point" formed about 16 years. It is for those of you can judge the wrong location of teeth. In addition, it often happens that the tooth, which earlier was not enough room in the mouth, eventually finds it.
However, in the case where the cause of the defect is too obvious, it is necessary to make radical steps. Severe abnormalities is recommended to correct as soon as possible.
This is due to the fact that the wrong growingteeth can be deformed jaw, spoil the appearance of man, cause complications associated with chewing food, malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract and respiratory tract.
It should be noted that in adults the wrongcorrect bite is much easier than in children. However, there are situations when too crooked teeth can not be corrected even by using innovative methods of dentistry. In this situation there is only one - to resort to the installation of dentures.
Furthermore, we must consider the fact that theyounger the person, the greater the ability of the organism to regenerate, so the bracket and plate prescribed approximately 18 years. Rate chances and preliminary results can an experienced orthodontist or dentist. The specialist conducts research, makes an impression of the jaw or a tomogram.
How to fix crooked teeth?
This problem can be classified into two options:
Aesthetic difficulties and pathological complications. In the first case the experts are turning just because people do not like their appearance.
In the second case, to solve the problem is necessary, since the deformation occurs, which leads to tooth decay, disruption of the oral mucosa function problems with internal organs and so on. N.
It often happens that a person can notindependently determine what species belongs the problem, hiding there for her any serious pathology. Therefore, in any situation you want to consult a specialist orthodontist, who set the cause and determine treatment options.
Before troubleshooting is required to visit a dentist to cure all the affected teeth to get rid of stones and tooth decay.
This is a very important point that should not be missed, as the cavities may be exacerbated, leading to aggravation of existing problems.
What to do if you want to align crooked teeth?
Curvature can be resolved in two ways: removable and fixed devices.
Removable - a variety of records thatare produced individually for each patient. The basis thereof is plastic, which are attached to the wire springs and cogs, depending on the complexity of the anomaly.
Fixed - it braces - devices in the form of squares or rectangles that have grooves for fastening. They are fixed by means of wire which is stretched across the jaws.
Braces, in turn, are divided into metal, lingual and aesthetic.
The last look the most beautiful, but,respectively, are more expensive than others. They are made of ceramic, composite, sapphires. Feature lingual braces is that they attach to the inner side of the teeth, unlike all the other curves for correction of teeth.
Those often used it in adulthood. Importantly, they are also characterized by lower efficiency.
Furthermore, there are special expanding machines and lingual arch, which help fix the teeth into the desired position. Typically, the last applied after using braces.
It is difficult to answer the question, how muchthe time required to achieve the final result. In each case, the wearing of braces or plates required individual time. Determines the time the dentist. When using these products will have to visit the doctor on a monthly basis.
It will verify as being treated, and withwearing braces - if they moved. Also, the doctor will assess the condition of the oral cavity, as often these products have a negative effect on the enamel.
It happens that the braces are worn for years, and the result - a little. Another six months is enough to correct fully correct all defects.
This factor largely depends on the body,presence of vitamins, the recovery rate and recovery. It should be noted that quite important to saturate the body with necessary nutrients, such as magnesium, calcium and iron.
How to fix crooked teeth without using braces?
Aligner - silicone or plastic mouthpiece, repeating the outlines of the jaw. It acts on the principle of braces.
Benefits: invisible, can be removed, if necessary, minimum toothache with addiction, there is no restriction on nutrition, oral care is not complicated, it is possible to wear to be treated by a dentist, hypoallergenic, can be used to whiten, has no contraindications. Disadvantages: high price, you need to take before meals, can fall, a long production time, ineffective in complex anomalies;
Trainer - multifunctional orthodontic device, reminiscent of the mouthpiece.
Benefits: you can wear for children under 10 years of age, helps to correct children's problems (thumb sucking, incorrect location of the language), are effective at any age, dressed only at night and 1:00 in the afternoon, you can buy yourself, used to correct diction, effective in malocclusion and anomalous location that does not interfere trapeznichat, require no maintenance, no difficulties with addiction, the relative cheapness of the product. Disadvantages: long-term treatment - at least 1 year, can cause pain in the adjustment period may fall during the night.
Crooked teeth: a negative impact
Such a defect may adversely affect it. Often such prevents normal chew food, thus causing diseases of the digestive system.
The defects affect the overall appearance. Most people want to look attractive at any age. Those who are similar anomalies, often shy smile.
Orthodontic treatment will feelmore confident, get rid of complexes about their appearance. The mere correction will accomplish just two problems: aesthetic and functional. In addition, it has a positive impact on human self-esteem.
How to straighten your teeth at home without the use of braces? read here