animals

Caring for the aquarium fish: tips for beginners

Initially, you must determine the type of fish -live predators or peace-loving creatures. This is a very important point, because the predators - the creation of harmful, they are often "beat" the other fish (especially if they are - a pack or during the spawning season), eat fry, fighting each other, making the aquarium in the battlefield. When choosing fish, ask the seller how they will be able to get along in the same area.

The optimum temperature and water hardness

Caring for the fish in the aquarium begins with water. Aquarist novice often allow a very serious mistake - gaining not to defend the water. Due to the fact that the water tap is present chlorine and other impurities often fish dies. The best time to water has become a suitable - 2-3 days. If this option does not suit you, then it is possible to heat water to a temperature of 17 degrees and allow to cool.

In addition, it is very important to follow during maintenance,that was normal stiffness, and acidity of the water. About these requirements better learn from the seller or from the literature, as they may be different for different species of fish.

To fish feel comfortable,daily care should include monitoring the temperature in the aquarium. The optimum temperature for each species of fish has its own - from + 20C to + 30C. If the temperature is lower, the water should be warm. But if the above, then immediately cool it in all possible ways, or fish eel.

Caring for the aquarium fish involves inspectionfilter condition and its performance: biological waste pollute it, which leads to a lack of air flow, without which fish are killed. Some fish, such as goldfish, which is derived from a conventional carp can live without air supply up to 5-7 days. This angelfish can be lost on the next day after disabling the filter.

aquarium Lighting

Regarding lighting, many species are notrequire additional lighting, it is enough daylight. Some can not do without lighting at night. It is also important aquarium and place of accommodation, if it is located in a dark corner, the lights should be almost around the clock.

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The optimal lighting for the aquarium fromrate of 0.5 Watts per 1 liter of water. But these figures are not the rule. It should also take into account the depth of the water and habitat for fish and plants. For example, the inhabitants of the depths must be much less light than the inhabitants of the shallow water. The most accurate lighting for the aquarium can be set by experimentation. When excess coverage begins algal blooms, algae overgrowing the walls. Poor lighting can cause brown stains on the walls of the aquarium, as well as difficulty breathing fish and the death of small-leaved plants.

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The frequency change water in the aquarium

During the care of fish, many are faced withThe problem of strong pollution of the aquarium bottom. Most often the main reason - too abundant fish feeding. For feeding of adult fish only one or two times a day, but the fry should be fed four times. But the optimum amount of feed (both live and dry) will have to be calculated independently. To do this, the rash gradually over 5-10 minutes the feed so that the fish ate it immediately. That will be quite enough to normal life.

While caring for the fish need to change the water in theaquarium about once every two or three months. To do this, you need to pre-water, to insist, the old drained, leaving only 10% of the total volume of the tank and then pour fresh. By the light of the water will evaporate, so keep an eye on the level and top up periodically, but also only to defend the water.

In general, care for any kind of aquarium fish is not so difficult, but the aesthetic and emotional pleasure of the inhabitants of the house a hundred times overrides all the inconveniences.

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